Crime happens in every neighborhood, whether it is an upscale community or a rundown slum. It is a beautiful idea to think that if a community comes together and neighbors watch each other’s back, then we can eliminate crime completely. However, we all know that as wonderful as that would be, it is simply unrealistic. On the other hand, it is possible to reduce the number of crimes to the minimum if the community come together and work with each other. Therefore, it is important to have a research on how effective a neighborhood watch program really is after its implementation.
Developing an effective neighborhood watch program is crucial to ensure safer communities that will have happier citizens and an even happier mayor. The mayor of a small suburb of a large metropolitan area has recently implemented a neighborhood watch program and would like to have a few concerns researched to reveal how effective the program is for the community. This research study will explain why the most effective research design was selected for the research study of the small suburb’s neighborhood watch program. This material will discuss two criminological theories that support the neighborhood watch programs. The mayor will have a better understanding of how the two criminological theories support the neighborhood watch program that was implemented. This research study will also develop a hypothesis and organize the concepts. After reading this research study material the mayor will know which research design is best to measure the effectiveness of the neighborhood watch program, and he will be better familiarized with the criminological theories that support the program. The mayor will then be offered a hypothesis and the operational plan. In order to implement an operational plan specifically suited for a neighborhood, a research is imperative for the effectiveness of the neighborhood watch program because one design will work for a community and may not be appropriate for another. A research design consists of the logic and structure inherent in any particular approach to data gathering. Two types of research designs exist: experimental designs and quasi-experimental designs. Experimental designs are best used in a laboratory setting in which conditions tend to be constant. It requires two groups of subjects: treatment and controlled. An experimental design is best suited for experimental drugs and market researches, and will not be the ideal design for the neighborhood watch program research. The best design for the research study to measure the effectiveness of the recently enacted neighborhood watch program is a quasi-experimental design. A quasi-experimental design is best used when the research study is that of a social nature, where conditions are in an ongoing state of flux (Schmalleger, 2009). Design
In order to determine the effectiveness of our current neighborhood watch program, the community has chosen to use the opportunity reduction approach. The current neighborhood watch program that is currently being implemented is in hopes of preventing as well as stopping any current suspicious or deviant behavior since having this in effect. The major goal in which the community is hoping to achieve with the opportunity reduction approach with the neighborhood watch program is to reduce crime within the community. The community is joining forces among each other as well as local law enforcement (Schmalleger, 2009). Crime control and prevention through the opportunity reduction approach are also called the situational crime prevention. The design is based on this approach because it is created on two grounds. The first is that wrongdoings are successfully prevented once we are aware of our community watch program because with this approach we can really understand questions to help stop crimes. Questions in which the community will address are who performs these wrongdoings, when the wrongdoings are done, what...
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