Negative Reinforcement

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Reinforcement in regards to behavior is when you are working toward increasing a certain or particular behavior. Punishment is when you are working toward decreasing a certain or particular behavior. Reinforcement, whether positive or negative, is adding something or removing something already present in an effort to inspire or motivate an individual to have a continued or increase in frequency of a specific desired behavior (Prince, 2013). Punishment, whether positive or negative, is implementation of a consequence which follows a particular behavior that will hopefully facilitate a decrease in the frequency of that particular behavior (Prince, 2013). Negative and positive punishment can be confusing to understand. Negative punishment is removing …show more content…
Negative reinforcement is best understood through the example of the behavior of children who use negative reinforcement all the time to get what they want. A good example of this is when child screams because they have broccoli on their plate and they do not like broccoli, most likely the parents remove the broccoli and the child stops screaming. This child has used negative reinforcement to remove something that they did not like from their current situation. Likewise the child has also learned, through the use of negative reinforcement, that screaming will likely get them what they want. An example of positive reinforcement in this case would be when the child is given ten extra minutes on their iPad if they try a bite of the broccoli and/or allow the broccoli to remain on their plate even if they do not like it. But this same situation can be used to illustrate a positive punishment by giving the child an additional chore if the screaming continues. An example of negative punishment in this situation would be taking the iPad privilege away if the screaming …show more content…
However, negative reinforcement is also a great motivator for changed behavior with me, especially negative reinforcement such as receiving a ticket for a traffic violation. Within my own job in special education, we use these principles which are the same principles of ABA, Applied Behavior Analysis. I use both types of reinforcement and punishment every single day in my job and I conclude that the reinforcements are more productive for the most part than the punishments are. However, all four classes of consequences produce

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