NEBOSH International Diploma in Occupational Health and Safety Please be advised that the course material is regularly reviewed and updated on the eLearning platform. SHEilds would like to inform students downloading these printable notes and using these from which to study that we cannot ensure the accuracy subsequent to the date of printing. It is therefore important to access the eLearning environment regularly to ensure we can track your progress and to ensure you have the most up to date materials.
Version 1.3a (18/02/2013)
Element - IC1 : General Workplace Issues.
On completion of this element, candidates should be able to: IC1.1 Explain the need for, and factors involved in, the provision and maintenance of a safe working environment, with specific reference to access and egress, pedestrians and slips, trips and falls.
IC1.2 Explain how safety signs are used in the workplace.
IC1.3 Explain the assessment of risk and safe working practices associated with work in confined spaces.
IC1.4 Outline the main issues associated with maintaining structural safety of workplaces. IC1.5 Explain the hazards, risks, and controls when working at heights. IC1.6 Explain the hazards, risks and controls for lone working. Relevant Standards
Confined Spaces Regulations 1997. Approved code of practice, regulations and guidance. International Labour Organisation Encyclopaedia of Occupational Health and Safety, Chapter 58 'confined spaces'. Minimum hours of tuition 7 hours.
1.0 - Safe Place of Work.
The idea that employees should be safe at work is not a new one. In the 1970s, laws were brought in to tidy up the masses of statutes that governed health and safety issues, and made managers responsible for providing and maintaining adequate standards. However, despite the wide variety of laws and regulations that exist, health and safety is not solely the preserve of legislation. Common law imposes a duty of care on all employers to protect their employees. As well as this, there is a requirement in all employment contracts that employers must :
provide a safe place of work;
provide a safe system of work;
provide adequate plant and equipment;
recruit competent and safety-conscious staff.
If an employer fails to take reasonable care in any of these areas, an employee has the ability to resign and claim constructive unfair dismissal and can initiate a personal injury claim in appropriate cases.
Employees, too, have responsibilities and should work with their employer to keep their workplace safe.
There is, as we have stated above, a wide variety of legislation relating to health and safety. One of the most important pieces is the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 (HSWA). This legislation covers all workplaces and says that an employer must do 'everything reasonably practicable' to provide a safe and healthy workplace with adequate welfare facilities. HSWA has been supported and extended by regulations, codes of practice and guidance which all deal with various aspects of health and safety.
Some examples of other relevant legislation includes:
Occupiers Liability Act 1957
Health and Safety Inquiries (Procedure) Regulations 1975 (SI 1975/335) Health and Safety (First-Aid) Regulations 1981 (SI 1981/917) Occupiers Liability Act 1984
Public Interest Disclosure Act 1988
Electricity at Work Regulations 1989 (SI 1989/635)
Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1992 (SI 1992/2051) Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1992 (SI 1992/2932) Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992 (SI 1992/2793)
Workplace (Health, Safety, and Welfare) Regulations 1992(SI 1992/3004). Personal Protective Equipment at Work Regulations 1992 (SI 1992/2966) Health and Safety (Display Screen Equipment) Regulations 1992 (SI 1992/2792) Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and...
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