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Navras

By meenakshichadda Oct 21, 2013 2882 Words

The NatyaShastra describes nine rasas or NavaRasas that are the basis of all human emotion. It is useful to keep in mind that a rasa encompasses not just the emotion, but also the various things that cause that emotion. These two things go hand in hand and are impossible to treat separately. This duality is part of every rasa to varying degrees. Today we try to bring to you a flavour of each of these nine rasas, explaining what each one means and presenting it to you through some Indian art form. 

(we will first have our traditional auspicious lamp-lightening ceremony as a tribute to mother Sarswati , the godess of knowledge ) ( Mother, we pray for your blessings with all humility............. give us wisdom to make this world a better place . may all human being be in harmony with nature and other form of life. may the truth prevail. may the darkness of ignorance be swept away by the dawn of self-realizaton . by our honourable chief guest.............

Sir please
???
lamp lightening

A1
without taking much of ur time , permit us to start the programme.............DO u fell Some turbulence around here ?

A2
Yes, i do ? the heart beats have gone up? everyone is eager to sink into the depth of music , song, lights and joy . Well here you are.

A1
no, please , tell me i am eager to know about nine rasas of emotions...

A2
I will tell u about the nine rasas ' The essence of emotions' , while rasas also has meaning that are more literal in sanskrit such as taste, water, juice, essence and ultimately bliss. [ If u want to be happy , stop being unhappy ]

A1
OHHH!! that's true. Frm your explanation / justification . My mind has striked with one story . Should i tell you ..

A2
Sure A1 , why not ...... ( i'm enlightened)

The Sadness Rasa : Karuna Rasa
When we feel sad for all who don’t see through this illusion of suffering ,for The ignorance created by maya , then we experience the highest form of karuna, which is compassion . While the highest karuna is compassion , the original sanskrit word karuna means "sadness" . This more popular meaning of the karuna rasa find expression in many kinds of arts, literature, and theater in india. sadness is a feeling thats comes when we have to let go of attachment . in pity, we forget that other people's problems are essentially the same as our own.

Karuna
Karuna is grief and compassion. The feelings of unspeakable tragedy and despair, utter hopelessness and heartbreak, the sorrow caused by parting with a lover, the anguish caused by the death of a loved one are all Karuna. So also, the compassion and empathy aroused by seeing someone wretched and afflicted is Karuna. The sympathy and fellow feeling that sorrow engenders in the viewer is also karuna. Karuna can be of a personal nature as when one finds oneself depressed, melancholy and distressed. More impersonal sorrows relate to the despair regarding the human condition in general, the feeling that all human life is grief and suffering. It is Karuna of this sort that the Buddha was trying to overcome on his path to salvation.

The Fear Rasa : Bhayanka Rasa
The fear is often caused by ignorance. when something is unknown , the mind can only imagine what it can do and if the ego is not confident enough, the mind will only imagine fearfull things. fear and worries are primarily a game of ever-exaggerating mind, while the ego suffers from it if it identifies with it. the most powerfull fear is the fear of death. as my desires exist, so many fears may aries. and of course, fear is our natural protection that keep us away from harm.

The Disgust Rasa : Vibhatsya Rasa
Vibhatsya is a feeling of disgust or dissatisfaction with oneself n others. Vulgar, uncivilized, and perverted actions, using bad words and manners, and showing bad intentions to others are all manifastations of the vibhatsya rasa. though the problem of self-pity is basically mental and supported by bad chemistry , the ego has the power to control it to surrender to this felling of disgust. the ego may loss the power to control vibhatsya if it has deeply hurt by seeing by bad intentions behind the words and deeds of others, making the person feel cheated. with the mind freely wielding negative thoughts and illusions of sense and self-gratification, vibhatsa leads to the neglect of responsibilities, often with regard to one's health and loved ones. strength and will be destroyed-the ego becomes the king that has forsaken his country. the neglect in the disgust creates deteriorating, highly tamasic, body chemistry, and new failures in daily lifes , only further securing the chains of the traps. disgust also creates bad karma ......

Bhibatsya
Bhibatsya is disgust. The emotion evoked by anything that nauseates us, that revolts or sickens us is Bhibatsya. When something comes to our notice that is coarse and graceless, beneath human dignity, something which revolts or sickens us it is Bhibatsya that we feel. When Prince Siddhartha, as a young nobleman, saw for the first time sickness, old age and death, he was moved to disgust which later metamorphosed into sorrow, deep introspection and peace, as he transformed into Gautama, the Buddha -- or the Enlightened one. Not surprisingly, this emotion is usually represented fleetingly. It usually acts as a catalyst for higher and more pleasant emotions.

The Hasya Rasa: Joy Rasa
Hasya is the rasa of joy, with humour as its most common expression. the favorite subject of humour of hasya is maya, the illusionary aspect of the universe, the eternal play of its that is never the ultimate truth but merely a reflection of truth. the minute of intellect starts intervening, the real humour is impossible,. then innocent laughter becomes satire or sarcasm. it is, however, not an event or an act that creates the purest hasya. pure hasya is a real happiness, a joy that comes from within for no aparent reason. it may come when we feel that god or life is kind. this hasya joy is a divine rasa, an expression of divine bliss. humour is very powerful tool against sadness, fear, and anger. always remember the vry powerful mantra thats solves any problem. OM NO PROBLEM. OM NO PROBLEM, OM NO PROBLEM...................... Hasya

Hasya it the rasa used to express joy or mirth. It can be used to depict simple lightheartedness or riotous laughter and everything in between. Teasing and laughing with a friend, being amused and carefree or simply feeling frivolous and naughty -- these are all facets of hasya. Lord Krishna's childhood, when he was the darling of all Gokul is filled with many stories of his naughty activities. This mirth, which endeared him to all, is one of the common sources of hasya in all ancient Indian art forms. Clearly, where there is hasya, all is well with the world, there is joy all around and all are of good cheer.

The Anger Rasa : Raudra Rasa

When expectations are not fulfilled, the ego may feel that it has been negected or treated inncorrectly; this form the basics fpr anger. Anger can be constructive if it is instructive, such as the anger of a mother toward her child, a teacher toward a student, a king towards his sujects, a friend toward a friend. Some people harbor anger over particular subject all of their lives. the repetition of angeer thoughts can work like a mantra that over times comes to dominate one's entire being. A lot of anger manifests as irriation - some people are irritated all off the times. Rowdra

Rowdra is anger and all its forms. The self-righteous wrath of kings, outrage over audacious behaviour and disobedience, the fury caused by an offense, the rage evoked by disrespect and anger over injustice are all forms of Rowdra, probably the most violent of rasas. Rowdra also encompasses divine fury and the fury of nature which is used to explain unexpected calamities and natural disasters. In Indian mythology, Lord Shiva, the Destroyer, is thought of as the master of all disharmony and discord. Shiva performing the tandav -- a violent dance -- is what creates havoc in the three worlds namely the sky, the earth and the nether world.

The courage Rasa : Verra Rasa

Veera or courage is trhe rasa of fearlessness, self-assurance determination, heroism, valor, and perfect control of body and mind. in ancient India, verra people were warriors and kings who fought in accordance with the rules of dharma. Still today , the verra rasa lives in many people who are modern-day heroes, eho serve as great examples to others and young people in particular. Courage aids every body when challenges need to be faced in life. In doing sadhana, verra is essential. there is only a thin line between courage and pride or arrgance. For real verra the ego must be in control and controlles at the same time.

Veera
Veera is heroism. It represents bravery and self confidence. Manliness and valiance are the trademarks of a veer or a fearless person. Courage and intrepidity in the face of daunting odds in heroism. Boldness in battle, the attitude with which martyrs go to war, and the valour with which they die are all the aspects of heroism. Rama, the hero of ramayan is typically the model of this rasa. his confidence and heroism while facing the mighty ten- headed king Ravana is part of Indian religion, folklore and mightology. A somewhat different type of heroism is displayed by characters like abhimanyu, who can do war knowing fully that he would be severely out numbered and almost certainly die and yet fought so bravely as to earn accolades even from his enemies. In Indian music this rasa is represented lively tempo and percussive ounds.

Shanta
Shanta is serenity and peace. It represents the state of calm and unruffled repose that is marked simply by the lack of all other rasas. Because all emotions are absent in shanta there is controversy weather it is a rasa at all. According to bharata, the author of NatyaShastra, the other 8 rasa are as proposed originally by Brahma, and the ninth, shanta, is his contribution. Shanta is what the Buddha felt when he was enlightened, and he reached the higher spiritual plane that led him to salvartion Or nirvana and freed him the cycle of life and death. Shanta represents complete harmony between the mind, body and the universe. Sages in india meditate for entire lifetimes to attain this state. In music it is often represented through a steady and slow tempo. Shanta is a clear and cloudless state. Shanta is untold stediness. Shanta is the key to eternity

The Peace Rasa:Shanta Rasa

Although everybody experiences some relaxation sometimes, real Shanta or peace exists only in Samadhi, a state of super consciousness that is the final stage of any yoga. For true peace, body, mind, ego, and intellect must become perfectly still. For long time, Shanta was not even regarded as a rasa by the Indian tradition because it is without emotion, ni-rasa. Everybody longs for real peace of mind, some calmness, though only a few saints really attain it. Today, many people regard saints as people who are simply doing nothing. What they do not understand is how difficult and rewarding doing nothing really is.

Bahya
Bahya is fear. The subtle and nameless anxiety caused by a presentiment of evil, the feeling of helpness evoked by a mighty and a cruel ruler, and the terror felt by facing certain death are all aspects of bhaya. The fear for ones well being and safety is supposed to be the most primitive feeling known to man. Bahya is a feeling evoked while facing something that is far bigger and more powerful than oneself and which is dead set on ones destruction. Bhaya is the feeling of being overwhelmed and helpless. Dread, cowardice, agitation, discomposure, panic and timidity are all aspects of the emotions of fear. Bhaya is also used to characterize that which causes fear. People and circumstances that cause others to cower in terror before them are as central to portrayal of this rasa as those feeling the fear. Bhaya

Bhaya is fear. The subtle and nameless anxiety caused by a presentiment of evil, the feelings of helplessness evoked by a mighty and cruel ruler, and the terror felt while facing certain death are all aspects of bhaya. The fear for one's well being and safety is supposed to be the most primitive feeling known to man. Bhaya is the feeling evoked while facing something that is far bigger and more powerful than oneself and which is dead set on one's destruction. Bhaya is the feeling of being overwhelmed and helpless. Dread, cowardice, agitation, discomposure, panic and timidity are all aspects of the emotion of fear. Bhaya is also used to characterize that which causes fear. People and circumstances that cause others to cower in terror before them are as central to portrayal of this rasa as those feeling the fear.

The Love Rasa : Shringara Rasa

Shringara means “love” and often also “beauty”. narrowly speaking , shringara means to enjoy the company of the opposite sex, in a very lovely and romantic manner. In a broader sense, shringara is the mood in which we concentrate on ctreating a lovely atmosphere, on a family and friends, on good manners and romance,on art culture, and decoration, on dressing attractively and behaving nicely,o0n beauty and enjoyment .in shringara the word “rasa” mostly literelly means “good taste”. Creation only happen for the enjoyment of shringara, when shiva and shakti, the male and female energies,who were one , decided to play a game of hide and seek. Love is the most extreme happiness that 2 people can create together, living as a god and goddess in a universe f their own.in this way the relationship becomes rehearsal of surrender the divine . While everyone has the ability to live in beauty and love without much effort ,most people seem to suffer from a lack of both. Partially this is dueto the increased popularity of the rasa that are” enemies” of shringara, particularly sadness ,anger,fear,and disquiet.it is also due to a real lack of understanding and appreciation of shringara in modern culture. The mood the shringara has two aspects : the feeling of love in union and in separation.the problem with enjoying shringara and with every enjoyment, is that it has a tendency to become addictive. Love always includes some level of attachment . Shringara

Shringara means love and beauty. This is the emotion used to represent that which appeals to the human mind, that which one finds beautiful, that which evokes love. This is indeed the king of all rasas and the one that finds the most frequent portrayal in art. It can be used for the love between friends, the love between a mother and her child, the love for god or the love between a teacher and his disciples. But the Shringara or love between a man and a woman is easily the most popular form of this rasa. Rich imagery is associated with this love and it gets portrayed at many different intensities esp in Classical Indian dance. The sweet anticipation of a woman as she waits for her lover is as much Shringara as the passion she feels for her first love, a passion that so heightens her sensitivity that even the moonbeams scorch her skin. In Indian music too this rasa finds wide portrayal through beautiful melodies.

The Wonder Rasa: Adbhuta Rasa
From the dawn of civilization, human beings have tried to understand everything and are still trying. The feeling of wonder comes when 1 recognises one’s own ignorance . When we understand that there are things that we do not understand, it makes life beautiful and exciting, full of wonders to explore, full of opportunity for new understanding and personal growth. Wonder comes at the beginning of spiritual journey, the journey to find real truth and solve the mystery of life. Modern science is said to understand virtually everything and what it cannot explain is simply said to be non- existent by definition. It continuous to promote this attitude in-spite of the fact that is continuously researching and understanding new things . Real saints that can do real magic sometimes appear to shoe humankind that what one registers true sense perception is not truth; they attempt to break the inflated ego of modern humans and science. The truth is that nothing and everything is magical, depending on ones understanding . And real saints have real understanding. Adbhuta

Adbhuta is wonder and curiosity. The awe that one feels when one comes across something divine and supernatural, some power or beauty that is remarkable and never seen or imagined before is Adbhuta. Adbhuta is the curiosity of man regarding the creation of the world and all its wonders, the astonishment caused by seeing something unusual and magical. The appreciation of a marvel that goes beyond the routine and the mundane is Adbhuta. The glory of a king returning from a successful battle, the magical feats of a god are both adbhuta to a common man. Adbhuta is when divinity makes a surprise appearance in the world of men.

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