Nature vs Nurture- Research paper

Topics: Nature versus nurture, The Nurture Assumption, Human nature Pages: 5 (1986 words) Published: February 26, 2014

Nature versus nurture debate is a psychology term related to whether heredity or the environment most impacts human psychological development (behavior, habits, intelligence, personality, sexuality and so on)". Is man a product of his environment or is personality development solely dependent on genetic makeup?

Is man a product of his environment or is personality development solely dependent on genetic makeup? What are the reasons that have led to the nurture versus nature debate? What are the positive aspects of the nurture versus nature debate? What are some the negative implications brought to light by this debate? Have there been any findings to say whether or not nurture affects ones personality? Based on my research, what are my conclusions in terms of the effects of nurture versus nature debate on society?

Nature versus nurture debate is a psychology term related to whether heredity or the environment most impacts human psychological development (behavior, habits, intelligence, personality, sexuality and so on)". Is man a product of his environment or is personality development solely dependent on genetic makeup?

The nature versus nurture is a debate concerning the relative importance of an individual's innate qualities ("nature," i.e. nativism, or innatism) versus personal experiences ("nurture," i.e. empiricism or behaviorism) in determining or causing individual differences in physical and behavioral traits. Nature is generally the coding of genes in each cell in humans which determine the different traits that we have, more dominantly on the physical attributes like eye color, hair color, ear size, height, and other traits. However, it is still not clear whether the more abstract attributes like personality, intelligence, sexual orientation, likes and dislikes are gene-coded in our DNA also. One of the most burning issues against nature theory is that there may be an existing "gay gene", which explains that gays are actually born that way. Another issue says that criminal acts, tendency to divorce and aggressive behavior causing abuse can be justified by the "behavioral genes" once the researchers have proven their existence. On the other hand, the behavioral genes are somewhat proven to exist when we take a look at fraternal twins. When fraternal twins are reared apart, they show the same similarities in behavior and response as if they were raised together. The nurture theory says that genetic influence over abstract traits may exist; however, the environmental factors are the real origins of our behavior. This includes the use of conditioning in order to induce a new behavior to a child, or alter an unlikely behavior being shown by the child. According to John Watson, one of the strongest psychologists who propose environmental learning as a dominating side in the nature versus nurture debate, once said that he can be able to train a baby randomly chosen in a group of 12 infants, to become any type of specialist he (Watson) wants. He stated that he could train them to be such regardless of the child's potentialities, talents and race. Although it is true that fraternal twins raised apart have remarkable similarities in most respects, still the intervention of the environment have caused several differences in the way they behave. The nature versus nurture debate goes on and on, but still, it is a fact that we have traits that are predetermined by our genes, but we can still choose who we want to be as we travel through our lifetime. “Flanagan (2002) explored the Minnesota study in which a set of twins was raised separately. The Minnesota twin study concluded that on multiple measures of personality and temperament, occupational and leisure-time interests and social attitudes, mono-zygotic twins reared apart are about as similar as are mono-zygotic twins reared together" (Flanagan). This is a prime example that nature plays a significant role in our...
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