Nature vs. Nurture in Language Acquisition
Language has several meaning, language is a system of symbols and rules that enable us to communicate or a symbolic code used in communication or the systematic, meaningful arrangement of symbols. And meaning of Language Acquisition are the process of attaining a specific variant of human language and the process of learning a native or a second language. How are Language Acquisition, Representation, & Processing Related? For language acquisition: How is language acquired or learned?, for language representation: How are the symbols of language represented in memory?, and for language processing: What factors influence the processing of language?
Language Acquisition, Representation, & Processing are related because language is acquired and language use is the processing of these representations in the direction of acquisition leads to a set of representations. Language acquisition major issues are first language acquisition, language development are phonological development, semantic development, syntactic development and syntactic categories. And Second language acquisition. Factors that affect our chances of learning L2: Individual differences, age of acquisition effects, environment of learning, style of instruction. Stages of second language acquisition. Language Processing are language comprehension include lexical ambiguity resolution such as “spade”, syntactic ambiguity resolution such as “fly”, imagebility and other word-specific factors such as “table” versus “freedom”, context effects--autonomous or interactive? Second of language processing is language production include lexicalization--stages of processing, lemma selection (A lemma is a representation that includes both semantic and syntactic information for a word, but not its phonological word form (e.g., Level et al., 1991). During lemma selection, a semantically-appropriate item is selected and is specified with respect to syntax but not