Is it Nature or Nurture?
Western Governor’s University
GLT 1 Task 3
The debate regarding Nature and nurture and its effects on human behavior and characteristics has a long history. Some theories state that it is nature, our genetics that determine who we are and who we become. While genetics do play a role in our eye color, our natural hair color and texture and whether we are a boy or a girl and whether or not we are susceptible to some diseases based on our genetic makeup, (McLeod, 2007). The theories that are based on nurture argue that we are creature of our environment. Our experiences, socialization and how we are raised make us who we are. The experts will agree that both theories do influence and play a part in human characteristics however each theory will offer explanations that will attempt to strengthen their theory of belief. Persons that believe in heredity (nature) are recognized as nativists. The belief that characteristics are from evolution. Differences are inherent to their genetic code. This belief states that any characteristic that is not observed at birth presents itself later in life at a determined time, (McLeod, 2007). Empiricists are theorists who believe that at birth each one of us is considered a blank slate and that persons are filled with experiences and socialization from the cultures that are lived in and experiences that are endured as well as reactions to them based on how others react, (McLeod, 2007). Compare and Contrast
Langstrom, Rahman, Carlstrom, Lichtenstein, in 2010 completed a study of twins using the Swedish Twin Registry. Twins born in Sweden between the years of 1959 to 1985 were selected for this web based research, known as the Swedish Twin Study of Adults: Genes and Environments (STAGE), (Langstrom, Rahman, Carlstrom, Lichtenstein, 2010). The STAGE completed screens on selected twins that included prominent psychiatric and physical morbidity, health related experiences...
References: Kendler, K., Thornton, L., Gilman, S., Kessler, R. (2000). Sexual Orientation in a U.S. National Sample of Twin and Non twin Sibling Pairs [Electronic version]. American Journal of Psychiatry, 157, 1843-1846.
(Kendler, Thornton, Gilman, Kessler, 2000).
Langstrom, N., Rahman, Q., Carlstrom E., Lichtenstein, P. (2010). Genetic and Environmental Effects on Same Sex Sexual Behavior: A Population Study of Twins in Sweden. [Electronic version]. Arch Sexual Behavior, 39, 75-80.
(Langstrom, Rahman, Carlstrom, Lichtenstein, 2010).
McLeod, S., (2007). Nature Nurture in Psychology-Simple Psychology. Retrieved from, Http://www.simplypsychology.org/naturevsnurture.htm
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