Nature of Obligations

Topics: Law, Object, Core issues in ethics Pages: 2 (292 words) Published: August 8, 2013
NATURE & EFFECTS OFOBLIGATIONS
See
Arts. 1163 - 1178
NATURE OF OBLIGATIONS
1.
Personal Obligations
: obligations to do or notto do; where the subject matter is an act to bedone or not to be donea. Positive – obligation to dob. Negative – obligation not to do 2.
Real Obligations:
obligations to give; where thesubject matter is a thing which the obligor mustdeliver to the obligeea. Determinate or specific – object is particularlydesignated or physically segregated from allother things of the same classb. Generic –object is designated by its class orgenusc. Limited Generic – generic objects confined toa particular class Ex:

An obligation to deliver one of my horses
EfFECT OF OBLIGATIONSDUTIES OF DEBTOR IN AN OBLIGATION TO GIVEA DETERMINATE THING ( See
Arts. 1163, 1164,1166.)
1. To preserve or take care of the thing due with the
diligence of a good father of a family

DILIGENCE OF A GOOD FATHER OF A FAMILY


ordinary care or that diligence which an average orreasonably prudent person would exercise over hisown property NOTE:
Rule on Standard of Care


That which the law requires; or


That stipulated by the parties; or


In the absence of the two, diligence of a goodfather of a family

2. To
deliver the fruits of the thing
:

Right to thefruits of the thing fromthe time the obligation todeliver it arises WHEN OBLIGATION TO DELIVER ARISES


GENERAL RULE:
From the time of theperfection of the contract (i.e. meeting of theminds between the parties) •

EXCEPTIONS
a. when the parties made a stipulation asregards the right of the creditor to the fruits ofthe thingb. when the obligation is subject to asuspensive condition or period; arises uponfulfillment of the condition or arrival of theperiod PERRSONAL V. REAL RIGHT

Jus ad rem, Jus in re,
a rightenforceable only a rightenforceable against
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