naturalistic observation

Topics: Maslow's hierarchy of needs, Psychology, Developmental psychology Pages: 14 (1000 words) Published: April 6, 2014

Which author or institution is associated with coining the phrase, “the apartheid of schooling in America.”

Selected Answer:

U.S. Census Bureau
Answers:

Kozol

U.S. Census Bureau

Betson

Michael

 Question 2
4 out of 4 points

The ________ self-serving drive for pleasure conflicts with society’s norms for acceptable behavior.

Selected Answer:

id's
Answers:
ego's

superego’s

id's

latency stage's

 Question 3
4 out of 4 points

Which of the following is NOT one of the three levels of awareness identified by Freud?

Selected Answer:

repression
Answers:
conscious

preconscious

unconscious

repression

 Question 4
0 out of 4 points

The text suggests that many schools have managed to overcome funding difficulties to deliver excellent programs. Which of the following in NOT one of the characteristics typically seen in such schools?

Selected Answer:

emphasis on academic achievement
Answers:
emphasis on academic achievement

react swiftly to the needs of their students

encourage active parental participation

resists community pressure and involvement

 Question 5
0 out of 4 points

According to Bronfenbrenner's concentric structures concept, _________________ are embedded in the mesosystem.

Selected Answer:

macrosystems
Answers:

microsystems

macrosystems

exosystems

sub-mesionicsystems

 Question 6
0 out of 4 points

Those self-actualization needs that are associated with truth, beauty, justice, and so on are referred to as _________.

Selected Answer:

physiological needs
Answers:
safety needs

physiological needs

esteem needs

growth needs

 Question 7
4 out of 4 points

Personality is formed as a result of the resolution of these crises, leaving people with both strengths and weaknesses.

Selected Answer:
True
Answers:
True

False

 Question 8
4 out of 4 points

It is important to remember that white, middle-class America is its own culture, and has developed over a period of time, while borrowing and integrating influences of other cultures.

Selected Answer:
True
Answers:
True

False

 Question 9
4 out of 4 points

Bandura coined the phrase self-efficacy to describe our belief in our own ability to affect a desired outcome.

Selected Answer:
True
Answers:
True

False

 Question 10
0 out of 4 points

When Kozal refers to "savage inequalities," to what is she referring?

Selected Answer:

the disparity in family incomes
Answers:

the lack of facilities in schools in poorer neighborhoods

the disparity in family incomes

the underlying reasons for poverty in America

the fact that gender discrimination is rampant in schools

 Question 11
4 out of 4 points

According to the theory of operant conditioning, ______________ is when something unpleasant is removed, not when it is applied.

Selected Answer:

negative reinforcement
Answers:
response

negative reinforcement

reinforcement

punishment

 Question 12
0 out of 4 points

Vygotsky thought that very little of the elementary biological processes are transformed into higher psychological functioning by developmental processes.

Selected Answer:
True
Answers:
True

False

 Question 13
4 out of 4 points

Research on gender differences primarily relies on meta-analysis. This means that __________.

Selected Answer:

researchers use the means and standard deviations to draw conclusions Answers:
researchers use small data sets to identify differences

researchers use the means and standard deviations to draw conclusions

researchers rely mostly on observational data

researchers rely mostly on...
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