Naturalist, Postmodernist and Theistic Worldviews

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NATURALIST, POSTMODERNIST AND THEISTIC WORLDVIEWS
Tracy Evans
Regent University

Abstract
The basic tenants and worldviews of naturalism, postmodernism and Christian theism are explored and how these worldviews have had an effect on the American culture. The philosophical implications and the tensions manifested out of beliefs established from these worldviews and philosophies.
What is a Worldview?

Everyone has an outlook on life, a particular way they view the world around them, a way that they find meaning and purpose to life, a method to which we view reality, a worldview. A worldview, according to Sire, in The Universe Next Door (2009), is essentially this:
A worldview is a commitment, a fundamental orientation of the heart that can be expressed as a story or in a set of presuppositions (assumptions which may be true, partially true or entirely false) that we hold (consciously or subconsciously, consistently or inconsistently) about the basic constitution of reality, and that provides the foundation on which we live and move and have our being.
Each person holds an individualized belief that serves as a type of lens in which to understand their reality and how they relate in it, their thoughts on their existence and how they came to be and these views are held whether or not they have been deeply reflected upon or not or whether the person has simply incorporated the values, morals and beliefs from their familial traditions and/or religious backgrounds. The route a person takes to acquire a worldview is varied and very individualized; however, every person comes to hold their very own.
Worldviews are reflected in societies and the once theistic Judeo-Christian worldview that served as the moral, ethical, and political framework of America began to shift in the early twentieth century. The emergence of secular ideas and teachings directed at these fundamental principles began weakening society’s commitment to their very foundations.



References: 2 Timothy 3:1-5. (Series Ed.), Apostle Paul. (Vol. Ed.). (2002). Holy Bible (NIV ed.). Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan. (Original work published 1985) Bishop, Robert C Corey, Gerald. (2009). Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy (8th ed.). Belmont, CA: Brooks/​Cole, Cenage Learning. (Original work published 2005) Craven, S Greene. (1898). The Metaphysics of Christian Apologetics. Presbyterian and Reformed Review, PRR, 1.254-61. Hodge, Charles Hough, Andrew. (2011, May 16). Stephen Hawking: 'heaven is a fairy story for people afraid of the dark '. The Telegraph. Retrieved March 8, 2012, from www.telegraph.co.uk The Telegraph Web site: www.telegraph.co.uk/​science/​stephen-hawking Kim, J Krikorian, Y. (1944). Naturalism and the Human Spirit. New York: Columbia University Press. Naturalism. (2012). In Encarta Dictionary: English (North America). Retrieved March 8, 2012, from Encarta Dictionary: English (North America) www.encarta.msn.com Paul, Greg Shook, John Robert. (n.d.). Varieties of Naturalism. Retrieved March 8, 2012, from www.naturalisms.org www.naturalisms.org Sire, James W Smith, Gary Scott. (1982). Tracing the Roots of Modern Morality: Calvinists and Ethical Foundations. Westminster Theological Journal, 44(2), 327-351. SparkNote on Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900)

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