top-rated free essay

native and non native

By anu337 Apr 20, 2014 407 Words
A native speaker refers to a person who speaks a language as his or her first language whereby it is also own of the certain someone’s mother tongue. Usually, the language is the language that their parents’ speak and the language of the country that they have been residing since they were born. According to Cook, she stated an important fact that to be a ‘native speaker’ of a language a person must have learnt the particular language from birth (Cook, 1999). A non-native speaker refers to someone who has another native tongue than the language being used. For example, English language. A non-native speaker in here refers to a person who speaks English as a second or foreign language. So, we can say that a native speaker of English is possibly a British, an American or an Australian whereas a non-native speaker of English will probably be a Malaysian, Japanese or a Mexican. These non-native speakers have their own respective purposes in speaking English, for example, communication purpose (lingua franca), business purpose, travelling and others. But, there are differences between native and non-native speaker. They are; a) Pronunciation b) Fluency c) Grammar and d) Affective Factors.

There are always distinction of native speaker and non-native speaker in terms of pronunciation. Non-native speaker tends to display imperfect pronunciations such as creating their own pronunciation of words which was possibly from the phonological rules from their first language. Due to the differences of phonological rules in different languages, non-native speakers tend to adapt their primary language phonological rules to their second or foreign language. For example, non-native speakers of English do not have a tendency to distinguish between [θ] and [t]. For example, thank is pronounced as /tæŋk/ instead of /θæŋk/. According to Ransdell (2003), Asians have difficulties in English phonology than native English speakers. That is the most possible reasons of non-native speakers’ tendency to counterbalance phonological distinctions between English and their first language such as the usage of /l/ and not /r/. The Japanese tends to spell / raɪs/ as / laɪs/ because they do not have [r] in their native language. Other than that, there are also differences in pronunciation in between native and non-native speakers in terms of word stress. Language like English focuses on the correct word stress. Speaking English with different timing pattern can lead to the word stress. Example, word pronounced tomorrow instead of tomorrow and perfect instead of perfect.

Cite This Document

Related Documents

  • Non Native Speakers

    ...Native speakers of English are a speaker who used English as a first language or mother tongue. Usually native speakers of English are people from English-speaking countries like the USA, Great Britain, Australia, Canada, Ireland, etc. Anyone may acquire the native speaker status by virtue of being just as proficient as a genetic native sp...

    Read More
  • The native

    ... English 3rd April 2, 2014 Richard Wright, The Native Son Wright’s novel describe life of black people back in the 1930’s. wright’s has made an outstanding literature work revealing to the reader the racist persecution of the black with the help of naturalism. from the very beginning the influence on naturalism on this book ca...

    Read More

    ...Inés Bras Amador Metodología para la Enseñanza del Inglés Prof.: Martínez Martínez Teaching English as an International Language Native vs. non-native speaker teachers Llurda, Enric (2004) Non-native-speaker teachers and English as an International language. International Journal of Applied Linguistics, 14(3). 314-323....

    Read More
  • Non-Native Invasive Plants

    ...are used for cellular function (Wikipedia). Plants are an example of this kind of organism. A current scientific topic in regard to photoautotrophs is the topic of non-native invasive plants. When a plant is non-native, or exotic, it means that it is not originally from the United States. They are often brought to an area by accident, possibl...

    Read More
  • Native American Exp Essay

    ...resources, and the effects that has on native culture. Although there are laws enacted supposedly to protect and preserve indigenous property, many times, these laws are overlooked or ignored, and justice is not upheld. The United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP) is an international instrument meant to protect nat...

    Read More
  • Native Speakers and Non-Native Speakers

    ...College has many international students. Those international students have to take the same courses as native English speakers to get a college degree. International students should get some advantages because they are ESL students. However, some teachers have a same expectations of non-native speakers as native speaking students. Many Asian st...

    Read More
  • Native Son

    ...SXSX Native Son Topic #2 Throughout the novel, Native Son, Bigger is seen as being a sympathetic character by many readers. “He hated his family because he [Bigger] knew that they were suffering and that he was powerless to help them” (Wright 10). This shows how Bigger acknowledges his family suffering and he wanted to help, but he reall...

    Read More
  • Native American

    ... The Northern Native Americans were known as “savages” by the European settlers, but actually they created some of the greatest civilizations in history. The lands and social cultures that European explored thought they “dis...

    Read More

Discover the Best Free Essays on StudyMode

Conquer writer's block once and for all.

High Quality Essays

Our library contains thousands of carefully selected free research papers and essays.

Popular Topics

No matter the topic you're researching, chances are we have it covered.