Native Americans in the United States and Squanto

Topics: Native Americans in the United States, United States, Indigenous peoples of the Americas Pages: 3 (783 words) Published: October 8, 1999

Squanto is a Native American who lived in the early seventeenth century in what is now the Northeast United States. When the English came to this area of America to settle, they became very fond of Squanto and used him as a translator due to his unique knowledge of the English language acquired through an earlier voyage to Europe. Squanto helped the Pilgrims adapt to their new surroundings by providing them with the knowledge that he and his ancestors used to survive when they first settled in this area. He became known as a friend to the English and a spokesman for his Native friends (Johnson p.2). However, in helping the English, Squanto realized the power he had obtained through his position and used it for his own gain against the Native Americans. He helped the English to destroy some Indian tribes and used trickery to obtain undeserved favors from many people in his own tribe. While Squanto was essential to the survival of the English in their American colonies, he betrayed his Native American friends in the process of providing the English with what they needed to survive (Johnson p. 2). Squanto spent much of his life living in the Plymouth Colony teaching his newly acquired English friends how to survive in this foreign land. He helped them greatly in the area of growing and gathering food. Without the help of Squanto, the English never would have discovered many important methods involved in growing a decent crop on

the American soil. "Squanto showed the immigrants how to plant corn in hillocks, using dead herring as fertilizer"() after many failed attempts of growing while using their own methods. He also taught them how to fish and where the best spots were to catch enough to feed the colony. These important tips were essential to the survival of the English. Squanto was also very helpful in establishing peaceful relations between the colonists and Indians. In his first meeting with the Plymouth colonists,...

Bibliography: David, Lester. "Squanto: A Remarkable Man." Boy 's Life. November 1995: 24

Johnson, Caleb. "The History of Ttisquantum." Internet Explorer. Online. America
Online. 21 September 1999. 16:49.

Vine, Deloria Jr. Custer Died for Your Sins. New York: University of Oklahoma Press,

Winslow, Edward. Good Newes from England. London, 1624.
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