b. causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group;c. deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part;d. imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group;e. forcibly transferring children of the group to another group.(Destexhe).In this paper, I will argue that the act of genocide as here defined, has been committed by the United States of America, upon the tribes and cultures of Native Americans, through mass indoctrination of its youths. Primary support will be drawn from Jorge Noriega's work, "American Indian Education in the United States." The paper will then culminate with my personal views on the subject, with ideas of if and how the United States might make reparations to its victims.
In lieu of the well known and brutal "Indian Wars," there is a means of cultural destruction of Native Americans, which began no later than 1611. This method was one of indoctrination. Methods included the forced removal of children from their cultural milieu and enrollment of these children in "educational programs," which were intended to instill more European beliefs. As the United States was not formally a Nation, until 1776, it would not be fair to use evidence, before this year in building a case against it. The most damaging, to the United States, are parcels of evidence that are drawn from events after 1948, the year of the Convention on Genocide.Beginning in 1778, the United States Board of War, a product of the Continental Congress appropriated grants for the purpose of, "the maintenance of Indian students at Dartmouth College and the College of New Jersey
" The young people who had returned from the schools are described by Seneca leader, Cornplanter as, "
ignorant of every means of living in the Woods, unable to bear either Cold or Hunger, [they] knew neither how to build a Cabin, take a Deer, or kill an Enemy, [they]...
Cited: /b>Destexhe, Alain (1995). RWANDA AND GENOCIDE IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY. New York University Press: New York.
Noriega, Jorge (1992). "American Indian Education in the United States: Indoctrination for Subordination to Colonialism. In Jaimes, Annette, ed. The State of Native America: Genocide, Race, and Resistance (pp.371-401).
O ' Brian, Sharon. "Native American Policy," Microsoft® Encarta® Encyclopedia 99. © 1993-1998 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
Robbins, Rebecca L (1992). "Self-Determination and Subordination The Past, Present, and Future of American Indian Governance." In Jaimes, Annette, ed. The State of Native America: Genocide, Race, and Resistance (pp.371-401).
"United Nations: Human Rights," Microsoft® Encarta® Encyclopedia 99. ©1993-1998 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
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