Nationalism and the Origins of World War One

Topics: World War I, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbs Pages: 3 (910 words) Published: October 31, 2008
Nationalism occurs when a race of group of people create an indentity in which they have a love and a loyalty for. This group will have a common factor of race, language, culture or religion. The assassination of Franz Ferdinand, the Austrian Archduke during the time of 1914, sparked off an already existing conflict between Austria and Serbia. The force of Nationalism influenced this conflict between Serbia and Austria due to the nationalistic views of the Serbian people.

The conflict that occurred on the 28th June 1914 was the assassination of the Austrian Archduke, Franz Ferdinand. While he and his wife were visiting Bosnia, they were both shot dead by Serbian nationalist, Gavrilo Princip, On this day nationalism was running high through Serbian and Bosnian people, as it was the anniversary of the Battle of Kossovo when Serbia first lost her independence. Nationalism influenced Gavrilo Princip to first throw a grenade in the direction of the archduke's car. Fortunately this grenade hit the roof of the car. Later on that day, Princip attempted to shoot Franz Ferdinand and his wife and succeeded. This conflict between Serbia and Austria had been building up for some time due to nationalistic ideas.

The main factors and causes of this conflict between Serbia and Austria were fueled by the force of nationalism. Serbia had wanted control of Bosnia for a long time, in order to make a large Balkan state, creating a 'Greater Serbia'. As a result of these factors, Serbian nationalists were looking for a way to force Austria out of Bosnia. Serbia influenced by nationalism wanted to create a large Panslavic nation, a nation conbining all Slavs. Austria was in their way. This lead to Serbia's growth in nationalism. The assassination of Franz Ferdinand combined with other conflicts consequently led to the outbreak of war.

The circumstances in which Franz Ferdinand was assassinated were greatly influenced by the force of nationalism also. Gavrilo Princip, the...
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