nationalism

Topics: Balkans, Serbia, Ethnicity Pages: 41 (9409 words) Published: October 13, 2013
ISN

ETH Zurich

International relations and security network

the Rebirth of Nationalism in the Balkans
in the 1990s: Causes, Consequences and
Possible Solutions

Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich
Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich

International relations and security network

the Rebirth of Nationalism in the Balkans
in the 1990s: Causes, Consequences and
Possible Solutions
Boriana Marinova – Zuber

Table of ContentS
Defining Nationalism .................................................................................................... 5 Origins, Causes and Historical Development of Nationalism................................... 6 Resurgence of Nationalism after the Revolutions of 1989 in

East Central Europe.........................................................................................................8 The Major Consequence of the Resurgence of Nationalism.................................... 10 Alleviating Ethnic Tensions and Resolving Underlying Differences ....................... 12 Cultural Legitimation. ...............................................................................................12 Unifying Symbolism and Ideology...........................................................................12 Federalism...................................................................................................................12 Economic Integration. ...............................................................................................13 Political Solutions...................................................................................................... 14 Conclusion...................................................................................................................... 16 Bibliography....................................................................................................................17 Further Reading............................................................................................................. 18 Endnotes......................................................................................................................... 19 About the Author. ........................................................................................................ 20

International Relations and Security Network (ISN) © 2007 ISN

Rebirth of Nationalism in the Balkans in the 1990’s

In their writings and research in the field of national
identity problems, most authors agree that the
1990’s have witnessed an “assertive renaissance
of nationalism”1 and “increasing tensions between
ethnic identities and territorial nationalism,
particularly acute in the various kinds of polyethnic states.”2 However, there is no consensus among them over a theoretical approach that
might explain this nationalist assertion in the late
20th century. A new wave of nationalist resurgence
has been sweeping throughout the world, and yet
it has led to ethnic, nationalist or religious conflicts
mostly in countries that have recently embarked
on the path to democracy. All countries in East
Central Europe had to face some degree of ethnic
problems and tensions. In Southeastern Europe
these problems seemed to be even more acute.
For reasons stemming from the past historical
development of the region, the Balkans became
a hot-bed of conflicting nationalist movements,
which in the case of former Yugoslavia resulted in
open warfare.
This paper aims to shed more light on the
problem of nationalism in the Balkans, which
is widely seen as part of the broader trend of
Eastern European nationalism, but also has some
specific characteristics of its own. The causes for
the resurgence of nationalist feelings after the
democratic revolutions of 1989 will be examined,
beginning with the triumph of nationalism
following WWI and the territorial settlements
in East Central Europe after it. Further, the
consequences of this new...
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