Nationalism on many levels can be extensively defined as the desire to devote and remain loyal to one’s own nation, a sense of patriotism, while aspiring for national advancement or in some more extreme cases, independence. Colombia, comparable to various other Spanish colonies, had a multitude of reasons for independence and its urgency but one of the most principle causes of all for Colombia’s independence was nationalism. Nationalistic views were inspired through influential movements such as the enlightenment period as well as grave amendments such as the Bourbon reforms. The French revolution immensely supported the crucial need for nationalism in Colombia, greatly motivating and energizing the idea of independence.
New Granada, referring to Colombia at the time, was not economically stable during the early 1800s due to their deteriorating financial state. King Ferdinand was being overpowered at the time allowing residents to embrace enlightenment aspects and outlooks. The enlightenment enabled the colonists to acquiesce to the idea of progress and apprehend that the ideas that were being implemented were not favoring the colony or benefitting them in any way. Absent from the influence of Spain and the viceroyalty, colonists were able to realize that their implications actually benefitted the colony taking on a new level of maturity. “Humanity is progressing from immaturity, superstition, and slavery to maturity, reason, and freedom. Human history is therefore the story of progress in the human condition.” (1) The colonists wanted to forget about the importance of church and state and slavery and focus on the advancement and progress of their nation. “The Enlightenment…caused increased emphasis to be placed on science as a means
to achieve increased efficiency and, as a result, more money in the treasury and a more secure position against potentially threatening nations”. (Montgomery 7) Influential people of the enlightenment period included Montesquieu,...
Cited: 1. "Core Ideals of the Enlightenment." Core Ideals of the Enlightenment. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Nov. 2012. <http://jan.ucc.nau.edu/~jo52/POS254/Enlideals.html>.
2. Montgomery, Sandra Cornell. The Bourbon Mining Reform in New Granada, 1784-1796. N.p.: n.p., 1984. Print.
3. Keen, Benjamin, Mark Wasserman, and Benjamin Keen. A History of Latin America. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1988. Print.
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