National Institution for Transforming India, NITI Aayog: Overview

Topics: Prime minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, Government of India Pages: 8 (2275 words) Published: March 11, 2015
NITI Aayog or National Institution for Transforming India Aayog is a policy think-tank of Union Government of India that replaces Planning Commission of India and aims to involve the states in economic policy-making in India. It will be providing strategic and technical advice to the central and the state governments. Prime Minister of India heads the Aayog as its chairperson.[1] Union Government of India had announced formation of NITI Aayog on 1 January 2015.[1][2] There are couples of things to be considered here.

In Hindi, NITI (Hindi: नीति) means Policy,And Ayog(Hindi: आयोग) means Commission. NITI Aayog would therefore mean:
• A group of people with authority entrusted by the government to formulate/regulate policies concerning transforming India. • It is a commission to help government in social and economic issues. • Also it's an Institute of think tank with experts in it. India's Finance Minister Arun Jaitley made the following observation on the necessity of creating NITI Ayog: “The 65-year-old Planning Commission had become a redundant organisation. It was relevant in a command economy structure, but not any longer. India is a diversified country and its states are in various phases of economic development along with their own strengths and weaknesses. In this context, a ‘one size fits all’ approach to economic planning is obsolete. It cannot make India competitive in today’s global economy” [3]

1950 : Planning commission was established
May 29, 2014 : The first IEO(Independent Evaluation Office ) assessment report was submitted to Prime Minister Modi on May 29, three days after he was sworn in. According to Ajay Chibber, who heads the IEO, views in the report are based on the views of stakeholders and some Planning Commission members themselves. Planning Commission to be replaced by "control commission" August 13, 2014 : Cabinet of Modi govt. scrapped the Planning Commission Aug. 15 2014 : Modi mentioned to replace Planning Commission by National Development and Reform Commission(NDRC) on the line of China

The NITI Aayog comprises the following:
1. Prime Minister of India as the Chairperson
2. Governing Council comprising the Chief Ministers of all the States and Lieutenant Governors of Union Territories 3. Regional Councils will be formed to address specific issues and contingencies impacting more than one state or a region. These will be formed for a specified tenure. The Regional Councils will be convened by the Prime Minister and will comprise of the Chief Ministers of States and Lt. Governors of Union Territories in the region. These will be chaired by the Chairperson of the NITI Aayog or his nominee 4. Experts, specialists and practitioners with relevant domain knowledge as special invitees nominated by the Prime Minister 5. Full-time organizational framework (in addition to Prime Minister as the Chairperson) comprising 1. Vice-Chairperson: Arvind Panagariya

2. Members: Two (2) Full-time
3. Part-time members: Maximum of two from leading universities research organizations and other relevant institutions in an ex-officio capacity. Part-time members will be on a rotational basis 4. Ex Officio members: Maximum of four members of the Union Council of Ministers to be nominated by the Prime Minister 5. Chief Executive Officer: To be appointed by the Prime Minister for a fixed tenure, in the rank of Secretary to the Government of India 6. Secretariat as deemed necessary [4]

Present Members[edit]
The various members of NITI Aayog are:[2][5][6]
1. Chairperson: Prime Minister Narendra Modi
2. CEO: Sindhushree Khullar
3. Vice Chairperson: Arvind Panagariya
4. Ex-Officio Members: Rajnath Singh, Arun Jaitley, Suresh Prabhu and Radha Mohan Singh 5. Special Invitees: Nitin Gadkari, Smriti Zubin Irani and Thawar Chand Gehlot 6. Full-time Members: Bibek Debroy & V. K. Saraswat

7. Governing Council: All Chief Ministers and Lieutenant Governors of Union Territories...
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