NATIONALIZATION AND AUTHORITARIAN POPULISM UNDER BHUTTO:1971-1977
Author: Yasmeen Niaz Mohiuddin
PAKISTAN A Global Studies Handbook
Sir Shahid Anwer
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto was a Pakistan politican and statesman who served as the 9th prime minister of Pakistan from 1973 to 1977.He was a chief martial law administrator. Pakistan recovered under his christamatic leadership. He lifted martial law within several months, and a new constitution took effect in 1973. He won majority of votes in west Pakistan in 1970 on the radical election pledge of roti,kapra, aur makan. The PPP rigging parliamentary elections was arouse nine opposition parties against Bhutto. Despite of having aristocratic feudal background Bhutto had campaigned in 1970 on the simple promise of “food,clothing and shelter”. Punjab and Sindh, the province of Pakistan, had led to a landslide victory for the PPP. Bhutto slogan was “Islam our Faith,Democracy our Polity, Socialism our Economy”.
The effort of Bhutto broke yhe power of twenty two elite families. Bhutto had broken away from, the Ayub administration. Many newly nationalized industries came to a stand still, industrial growth rate declined in 1970 and 1977. Bhutto particularly targeted the civil service of Pakistan.
The PPP adopted a three pronged strategy to contain the military one is constitutional safeguards second is creation of paramilitary alternative and the last one is appeasement. The Bhutto government also carried out