Narrative Structure

Topics: Film, Film genres, Multiple-camera setup Pages: 5 (1317 words) Published: February 6, 2011
In this report I am going to be covering camera techniques, narrative structure, format, styles and content and technical elements. When doing so I am going to be explaining how each one works, what it does and give examples of how they are used.

Camera techniques
In film and television production there are two main types of camera techniques single camera production and multi camera productions. A single camera production either film or video is employed on the set and each shot to make up a scene. These shots are taken individually. Using the single-camera setup generally employs just one camera. Each of the various shots and camera angles is taken with the same camera which is moved and reset to get each shot or from a new angle, if a scene cuts back and forth between actor A and actor B, the director will first point the camera towards A and shoot shots number 1, 3, 5, 7, and so on. Then they will point the camera toward subject B and do shots number 2, 4, 6, 8, ECT. Multiple-camera mode of production or multicam is a method of shooting films and television programs. Several cameras either film or video are employed on the set and simultaneously records or broadcast a scene. By using this format there is multiple shots taken to chapter the overall action and establishes the geography of the room. An example of the set up of a multi camera production set is shown below

Narrative structure

Narrative structure helps to define the story and helps to understand the message within the film giving it a meaning, this only applies to the way the story is told not the story itself. Narrative structure is divided into 3 different stages also known as the chronological stages.

Stage 1 -the beginning - the state of equilibrium

Stage 2 –the middle - the destruction of equilibrium

Stage 3 - the end- the reinstatement of the equilibrium.

However there is another way to describe Narrative structure in more depth the French male Tzvetan Todorov does this by using 5 stages.

Stage 1 – A state of equilibrium is defined.

Stage 2 – Disruption to the equilibrium by some action or crisis.

Stage 3- the character(s) attempt to repair the disruption, Setting goals to resolve problem.

Stage 4- The Character(s) attempt to repair the disruption; Obstacles need to be overcome to restore order.

Stage 5- Reinstatement to the equilibrium. Situation is resolved, a conclusion is announced.

Narrative Flashbacks

Narrative flashbacks takes the narrative back in time from the current point that the story has reached. Most of the time flashbacks are used to recount events that have happened before the story’s primary sequence of events or to fill in a crucial back-story or stories. A character origin flashback specifically refers to flashbacks dealing with key events early in a character's development. In the opposite direction, a flash forward reveals events that will occur in the future. This technique is used to create suspense in a story, or develop a character.

Linear Vs Non Linear

Non Linear is where events that are happening are portrayed out of chronological order It is often used to mimic the structure and recall of human memory but has been applied for other reasons as well. 2 examples of non linear films are kill bill and across the hall however linear is where events that happening are in chronological order; the story starts at the beginning goes on throughout the middle and then finishes at the end an example of a linear film is little red riding hood and also beauty and the beast.

Realism vs surrealism

Realism narrative is a storyline that capture real life though the life of the character(s) . The events that happen within the story line could happen in everyday The clue of its meaning is within the name realism, so anything that happens within a realism narrative is capable of happening in everyday life. Surrealism narrative is the opposite within this particular narrative the content...
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