The Dark Knight
Narrative is a way of organising spatial and temporal event into a cuause effect chain of events with a beginning, a middle, and end that embodies a judgement about the nature of events.
In The Dark Knight there a number of ways to talk about the narrative of the film the first is the:
He suggests that conventional narratives are structured in five stages Equilibrium
Dispruption of the equibrium
Recognition of disruption
Attempt to repair disruption
This theory doesn’t work in The Dark Knight, the first sequence of the film is of the Joker and his clowns robbing a bank and this is seen as a disruption straight away even though we don’t see an equilibrium before so there is nothing to be disrupted. Another example is of the end where Todorow says the audience will see a new equilibrium but in The Dark Knight this isn’t the case as although the ‘bad guys’ are defeated we still don’t know what is to happen to Batman as he is being chased by the police.
He suggests that the characters take on a role of narrative spheres of action or functions that have been taken from a comprehensive study of folktales and in which he came up with 7 different character types which are hero, villain, donor, helper, princess, dispatcher, false hero.
In The Dark Knight some of these characters could be used
Hero- Batman/Bruce Wayne- He is the hero because he is the main focus of the film, he stops the bad guys although he isn’t the typical hero or superhero as her also has a dark side to him
Villain-The Joker- He is the main villain of the movie as he kills people, causes havoc in Gotham and is the main enemy of the hero. You could also say the same about Harvey Dent/Two Face although he only takes the role of the villain in the last third of the film and therefore isn’t Batmans main enemy
Donor- Lucius Fox- He supplies all of the Batmans weapons and technology and he is also seen helping the Batman to defeat the Joker using sonar in the last part of the film. Helper- Alfred- He keeps Bruce Wayne of the ground and he reminds him of his past to keep him mentally stable as Bruce has to deal with a lot in the film.
Princess- Rachel- She is Bruce Waynes love, towards the end of the film we see Batman try to save her but he accidently saves Harvey Dent instead. Normally she would be saved by the hero but not in this case.
The Dispatcher- Commisioner Gordon- He is the person who gives Batman the heads up and the latest goings on,
False Hero- Harvey Dent- This is definenitly Harvey Dent, he is seen as Gotham City’s white knight who has locked up all of the city’s gangsters and made the streets slightly safer until the Joker came along. However Rachel dies and half his face is burned off and with the help of the Joker who manipulates him makes him question the police force who betrayed him which makes him go on a mission to bring revenge on his loss by killing members of the police force
He looks at narrative in terms of binary opposites which are sets of opposite values which reveal the structure of the text such as good/evil Humans/aliens past/present.
I don’t think there is much difference between good and evil in the Dark Knight, this is because the characters who are perceived to be good such as Batman, Harvey Dent and Commisioner Gordon has a bad side to them for example Batman is seen as a vigilante who takes the law into his own hands, Harvey Dent is manipulated to turn evil by the Joker because of his urge for revenge because of Rachels death, Commisioner Gordons police force is full of corrupt officers which is the cause of Rachels death.
In one of the Jokers lines he says that he and the Batman are not so different and that they are both freaks. I think that the Joker is right with this statement because a normal person is someone who stays and home...
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