narmada

Topics: Narmada Bachao Andolan, Arundhati Roy, Gujarat Pages: 15 (2186 words) Published: December 9, 2013
The Sardar Sarovar Dam
Presented By: Group-1

The Narmada Dam in India

http://magma.nationalgeographic.com/ngm/0209/feature1/ water pressure

Why do countries build
Dams?
• It’s a means by which many of the
developed countries of the world build
their economic strength
• Improving the circumstances of a region be it health, crops, infrastructure or industries - leads to greater productivity,
more markets, sturdier populations, more
investment, and so on
• However, there is a cost….

Social and Economic Implications of Dams
Relocation of
communities:

- impacts on health, & economic,
social, cultural well-being

Loss of community
control over water:

- transfer of control from local level

Diseases:

- encouraged by dam projects
(creating habitat for parasites), e.g.
schistosomiasis, mosquitoes

Increasing cost of
dams:

- problems encountered in building
dams (ex. sedimentation).
- cost of mitigating social,
environmental impacts.
- delays
- best sites already taken -- only
more remote, more difficult sites
left.

http://www.idsnet.org/Resources/Dams/Development/impact-econ.html

to central government or corporate
control

Social and Economic Implications of Dams
• Inflexibility of hydrodams as power source (need to predict electricity demand far in future).
• Increasing economic inequalities: disproportionate share of project benefits usually go to wealthier sectors of society
• Important contributor to national debt.

http://www.idsnet.org/Resources/Dams/Development/impact-econ.html

Narmada River in India

http://www.sardarsarovardam.org/default.htm

The Narmada River

www.sardarsarovardam.org/ river_basin.htm

Narmada means ‘ever-delightful’, one of the holiest
rivers in the country of India
“they say that even the site of the river will cleanse all of your sins”

The Narmada river

• It is the largest westward flowing river in India.
• Home to over a million people
www.irn.org/revival/ decom/orgs/NBA.html

The Narmada river – The
people




It is home to over a million
people, mainly tribal
people, Adivasi (original
dwellers) whose
grandparents lived on and
farmed the land.
Local farmers, wage
laborers, craftspeople and
fishermen live along the
river and rely on it for their
livelihood.

http://www.narmada.org/images/satyagraha2001/ValleyLif
e.html

The Narmada River & its
people
The river is used
for:
• Irrigate land for
farmers
• Drinking water
• Wash clothes
• Cook
• Spiritual benefits

http://magma.nationalgeographic.com/ngm/0209/feature1/

Why the Narmada Dam?
Currently in India:
• 1/5 of pop. (200 million people) are without safe
drinking water
• 2/3 of pop. (600 million people) lack basic
sanitation
• 2/5 of pop. (350 million people) live below the
poverty line
• With rain being sporadic because of rainy seasons
and variations between different parts of the
country, the idea of storing river water in
reservoirs behind dams seemed to be a great
solution

The Narmada Dam Project
• The first of the dams to be built is the Sardar
Sarovar. It is considered to be one of the most
important dams in the project and the biggest
water development project in India
• According to the government, the Sardar Sarovar
Dam will do the following:





Provide safe drinking water to 30 million people
Irrigate 4.8 million hectares of land
Produce 550 megawatts of power
Provide 1,300 cubic-meters of water per yr.for municipal
and industrial purposes
• Provide a drainage system to carry away floodwaters
• It will also take the land of 320,000 people

The Narmada Dam Project

http://www.narmada.org/maps/nvdp.jpg

The Sardar Sarovar Dam
• The cost of the project was estimated at
$200 million, actual cost is $450 million
• Investors are the World Bank until 1993
(when they withdrew), Gov. of Gujarat
(state where the Sardar Sarovar dam is
located) and S.Kumars...


References: Bibliography
Pictures
http://www.narmada.org/images/haripics/harikrishna.pictures1.html
http://www.pbs.org/wnet/wideangle/shows/dammed/photo.html
http://www.narmada.org/domkhedi.submergence.pictures.html
http://www.irn.org/revival/decom/orgs/NBA.html
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