CRJ 311 Forensics
February 27, 2013
Narcotics are classified as drugs that bring relief from pain or sluggishness. Unfortunately, the line between narcotics and illegal drugs has blurred and many illegal drugs are known as narcotics instead of what they truly are. One example used in our studies was cocaine. Cocaine is viewed as a narcotic, but is actually a stimulant that inhibits the central nervous system.
Opiates are analgesic narcotics that help to ease pain by dejecting the central nervous system. One of the downfalls of continuous use of opiates is the formation of dependence upon the drug. Opiates are highly addictive and should only be used for short periods of time. Morphine is an extraction of opium, which is then broken down to make heroin. Heroin can be used intravenously for maximum effect of the drug. A high induced from heroin usually leads to a very short lived euphoric state of mind. This altered state is what causes the addiction. Regular use can have dire consequences.
Synthetic opiates are chemically altered narcotics created that have similar effects to opiates. OxyContin is a synthetic opiate that very much mimics the effects of heroin. This drug is administered for patients suffering from chronic pain. Methadone is another synthetic opiate. This drug actually wanes the patient away from using heroin.
Hallucinogens alter mood, attitude, thought, and perception. The most common hallucinogen is marijuana. Marijuana has been used for medical purposes throughout history. In a book written by Chinese emperor Shen Nung in 2737 B.C., marijuana was used to help with “female weakness, gout, rheumatism, malaria, beriberi, constipation, and absent mindedness.” The chemical in marijuana responsible for the hallucinations is called tetrahydrocannibinol (THC). It is important to know that marijuana does not cause any form of physical dependency what so ever.