Narcissistic Personality Disorder Research Paper

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Narcissistic Personality Disorder Research Paper
By Jonathan Ilunga
Sonoma State University

Abstract
This paper will aim to define narcissistic personality disorder as a whole. The document will cover the topics of symptoms, prevalence, and contributing factor. In addition to covering the general description of the disorder the paper will present a case study to provide a clearer image of the parameters of NPD. 2 scientific studies will be presented in order to offer empirical data regarding NPD and to add knowledge recently acquired through experimentation.

Narcissistic Personality Disorder Research Pa
In Greek mythology Narcissus was a handsome young hunter who was so captivated by his own reflection in a pool of water that he wasted away and died locking eyes with his own image. This story though dated way before the times of modern psychology metaphorically defines the symptoms of narcissistic personality disorder. NPD is a personality disorder characterized by a deep obsession with adequacy and egocentricity. (Milton p.393) The disorder was first coined by Heinz Kohut in his book The Analysis of the Self: A Systematic Analysis of the Treatment of the Narcissistic Personality Disorder.(James)
People with NPD often have trouble maintaining healthy relationships, cannot accept criticism constructively, and have a strong sense of entitlement. According to the DSM, the disorder manifests itself in a variety of symptoms which if not treated can have cataclysmic effects on quality of life, these include: propensity to take advantage of others to goals, exaggeration of own importance, achievements, and talents, fantasies of unrealistic success, beauty, power, intelligence, or romance, constant attention-seeking behavior, extremely prone to jealousy, a lack of empathy and disregard for feelings of others, and the pursuit of selfish goals. People with NPD often also have trouble maintaining healthy relationships, cannot accept criticism



References: American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Revised. Armenian Medical Network. 2006. Retrieved 2007-02-14."Narcissistic Personality Disorder".Personality Disorders - Narcissistic Personality Disorder. Golomb, Elan PhD (1992). Trapped in the Mirror. New York: Morrow, p. 23. Kernberg, O.F. (1970). Factors in the psychoanalytic treatment of narcissistic personalities. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 18:51-85, p. 52 Millon, Theodore (1996). Disorders of Personality: DSM-IV-TM and Beyond. New York: John Wiley and Sons. p. 393. ISBN 0-471-01186-X. Twenge, Jean M. & Campbell, W. Keith The Narcissism Epidemic: Living in the Age of Entitlement (2009)  Young, Klosko, Weishaar: Schema Therapy - A Practitioner 's Guide, 2003, p. 375

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