Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) or Malignant Narcissism affects approximately one percent of the population and seventy five percent of those afflicted are male. NPD is characterized by grandiosity, lack of empathy, fantasies of unlimited power or ideal love and a sense of entitlement. Many books have been written describing malignant narcissism and the damaging effects on people who find themselves in relationships with narcissists but scientists are just beginning to study the effects of malignant narcissism on the narcissist himself. Researchers at the University of Michigan, School of Psychology recently published findings that demonstrate that the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA axis), the body’s primary stress response system is hyperactive in men diagnosed with Narcissistic Personality Disorder and that this HPA hyperactivity can contribute to long term health complications. |
Malignant Narcissism is a personality disorder that affects approximately one percent of the population and seventy five percent of those afflicted are male. Narcissistic Personality Disorder is characterized by a grandiose self-importance, a sense of entitlement and lack of empathy (Campbell, 2002). Many books have been written describing malignant narcissism and the damaging effects on people who find themselves in relationships with narcissists but scientists are just beginning to study the effects of malignant narcissism on the narcissist himself. Recent findings published in the Journal of Research in Personality describe a role for Malignant Narcissism in increased cortisol responses to stress thereby linking the personality disorder to long term health consequences for the first time.
Sigmund Freud was one of the first mental health professionals to describe
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