Narcissistic Personality Disorder
May 1, 2014
According to the Fifth Edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, categorizes Narcissistic personality disorder as being more prevalent in males than females, and is thought to occur in up to 6.2 percent of the general population. A 1person that has Narcissistic Personality Disorder tends to have an extensive sense of grandiosity. They have a need for admiration by their peers, they lack empathy, they have a sense of self-importance (they may even exaggerate their achievements and talents, or expects others to recognize their superiority without commensuration of their achievements), they also have a tendency to be preoccupied with fantasies of unlimited success, power, brilliance, and beauty, they believe that they are "special" and “unique” and can only be understood by, or associate with, other special or high-status people, they have a false sense of entitlement, and set unreasonable expectations by exploiting, others to achieve their terminal goals, and they also believe that others are envious them; which causes them to have arrogant, haughty behaviors and attitudes. Many people diagnosed with Narcissistic personality disorder typically believe most of the same beliefs regarding themselves amongst people around them. For instance Aaron T. Beck an Arthur Freeman noted in their book In Cognitive Therapy of Personality Disorders that many of their patients that were diagnosed with Narcissistic Personality disorder believed that they weren’t bound by the rules that apply to other people, that people who didn't respect their status, should be punished, that other human beings should satisfy their needs. Narcissism is a term used to describe a focus on the self and self-admiration that is taken to an extreme. The word "narcissism" comes from a Greek myth in which a handsome young man named Narcissus sees his reflection in a pool of water and falls in love with it. Narcissistic personality disorder is one of a group of conditions called "Cluster B" or "dramatic" personality disorders. People with these disorders have intense, unstable emotions and a distorted self-image. Narcissistic personality disorder is further characterized by an abnormal love of self, an exaggerated sense of superiority and importance, and a preoccupation with success and power. However, these attitudes and behaviors do not reflect true self-confidence. Instead, the attitudes conceal a deep sense of insecurity and a fragile self-esteem. People with narcissistic personality disorders often lack of empathy for others. A person is diagnosed with Narcissistic Personality Disorder if they have acquired five of the symptoms of the disorder, the symptoms of narcissistic personality disorder are: Are self-centered and boastful
Seek constant attention and admiration
Consider themselves better than others
Exaggerate their talents and achievements
Believe that they are entitled to special treatment
Are easily hurt but may not show it
Set unrealistic goals
May take advantage of others to achieve their goals
Other common traits of narcissistic personality disorder include the following: Preoccupation with fantasies that focus on unlimited success, power, intelligence, beauty, or love Belief that he or she is "special" and unique, and can only be understood by other special 2people Expectation that others will automatically go along with what he or she wants Inability to recognize or identify with the feelings, needs, and viewpoints of others Envy of others or a belief that others are envious of him or her Hypersensitivity to insults (real or imagined), criticism, or defeat, possibly reacting with rage, shame, and humiliation, Arrogant behavior and/or attitude
It's not known what causes narcissistic personality disorder. As with other...
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