Napoleon

Topics: French Revolution, Louis XVI of France, Napoleonic Wars Pages: 5 (1598 words) Published: October 14, 2013
Napoleon I HEME pages 39-48 notes

The Concordat of 1801 and its significance
a. Organized religion can be controlled by lawmakers easily
b. This was imposed by the National Assembly’s “Civil Constitution of the Clergy” c. However, organized religion is just the physical manifestation of belief, belief itself is very hard to control d. Banning public worship and Catholicism didn’t stop the French from believing in the virtues of religion e. This caused the people who believed in religion to be angry and those who really believed in it to hide from the gov’t f. Alienated Catholics who had allied with goals of the Revolution, also created a point where enemies of the revolution could gather themselves to fight g. The rebellion of Vendée was caused by the restrictions stemming from the “Civil Constitution of the Clergy” h. Napoleon realized this, he was mixed with his feelings about religion, however he knew that the “CC of the C” had been causing a rift in France for no real reason i. Around halfway through 1800 he realized that he was interested in negotiating wit the Church and the Pope j. Nine months of negotiation between Napoleon and Pope Pius VII caused to “Concordat of 1801” which allowed the Church in France again k. Under these terms

k.i. The lands confiscated previously would not be returned, k.ii. clergy were appointed by the French gov’t & approved by pope, they were paid well k.iii. Most French would be Catholic
k.iv. Clergy were under the Pope’s command
k.v. Public worship was resumed
k.vi. Signing the Concordat meant that Pope Pius VII recognized the legitimacy of the French Republic

a. The idea of Enlightenment was still used in the Concordat (the separation of Church and State) b. Still allowed religious freedom (as long as 50.001% of the people were Catholic) c. Great gain for Napoleon (recognition as a country from the Pope again), little to no loss

The Code Napoleon (and its impact and significance)
a. As a result of the ‘ancien regime’ the laws all over the country had evolved as time went on, however there was no central law for the whole country b. Napoleon took control of France in 1799 as the First Consul (Consulate) c. Napoleon felt offended by this in two different ways

d. From the view of a soldier this was inefficient and could potentially be exploited very easily (corruption), he knew that France could not efficiently and healthily on this lack of a legal foundation e. The Revolution had taken away many ways of legal authority (parlements, the Church) f. As an Enlightenment thinker, he also found this offensive. The basis of Enlightenment said that because the natural world was government by laws, so should the social, political and economic worlds. g. Because of this he assembled a commission of jurists to form a central law h. In 1804 the Civil Code was published

i. In the space of 5 years after this codes of civil procedure, criminal procedure, commercial, and penal codes followed

Economic and Social Reforms
a. Previous forms of gov’t including the revolutionary regimes and the ‘ancien regime’ had failed to find a way to solve Frances financial woes b. If Napoleon wanted to create an Empire then he had find a way to solve them because war was expensive c. He needed a confident financial system so he could borrow and raise the money he needed to conquer Europe d. So he started the Bank of France

e. Started out as a private stock company that was the only company that could issue money in Paris and soon the surrounding country f. 30 million francs divided into 30,000 shares (1,000 per 1) g. Started independent from the gov’t because of the previous failures of the government h. In 1806 the bank was having trouble so Napoleon stepped in (different from King Louis the XVI..) i. Confidence grew in the bank, the franc was finally becoming accepted (however it wouldn’t become legal currency until 1848) j. Napoleon created the first French paper currency

k. Napoleons...
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