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Types of Public Speaking

There are three types of Public Speaking: Informative, Persuasive and Ceremonial.

Informative
The purpose of an informative speech is to teach the audience some new knowledge. This type of speech will have the audience walk away with some new information.
List below when you would speak in an informative way.
a)
b)
c)
d)

Persuasive
The purpose of a persuasive speech is to change people’s minds or behaviour about something. For a persuasive speech to be truly effective, it is not enough to present arguments, you need to actually get the audience to change their minds.
List below when you would need to speak in a persuasive manner.
a)
b)
c)
d)

Ceremonial
A ceremonial speech is one that is given to mark an important occasion in someone’s life. These types of speeches can be both emotional and fun.
List below occasions when you may need to speak in this manner.
a)
b)
c)
d)

When speaking in formal situations, especially public events such as school assemblies, important family occasions or debates we usually use Standard Australian English because we want our message to be understood clearly. We should also use language in an interesting way, so that our audience wants to listen.

When participating in informal discussions, we use more informal language when working together in small groups, but more formal language when reporting to the rest of the class on the ideas discussed. 1. Listen to examples of the following spoken texts and write down two or three sentences from each as accurately as you can: • The opening item on an ABC television news broadcast. • A conversation between two teenagers on public transport, at recess or on the phone.

2. In the sentences you have written down, highlight the following: • The use of formal or informal language. • Simple, and complex or compound sentences. • Any incomplete sentences.

3. For each spoken text, describe: • Tone of voice •

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