NANOTECHNOLOGY AND SOME USAGE AREAS OF IT
The nanometer is a unit length which equals 10-9 meters, in other words, billionth of a meter. In basic, logical perspective, the definition: the science, which studies the matter in nano dimensions for the term “nanoscience” is quite perceptible. However, to deeper understanding, it is useful to take a look at a wide definition of the nanotechnolocy, provided by U.S. National Nanotechnology Initiative. According to the initiative, “Nanotechnology is the understanding and control of matter at dimensions between approximately 1 and 100 nanometers, where unique phenomena enable novel applications. Encompassing nanoscale science, engineering, and technology, nanotechnology involves imaging, measuring, modeling, and manipulating matter at this length scale.” It is useful to try to imagine what happens if the human being would have the full control of the matter in nano dimensions. To help the reader, it is reminded that the first computer ENIAC was took 167 m2 space and approximately 30 tons in weight. Now, the human being have computers in their small smartphones. The control of smaller materials have caused less space and less weight, in other words more “technology”. When the word “computer” is pronounced, it is naturally related to information technology in people’s mind. The control of smaller material means advanced information technology, so the question “how the nanotechnology would affect information systems and information technology” automatically arises. To answer this question, some usage or potential usage of nanotechnology is presented. One example is Carbon nanotubes. Carbon nanotubes are tubular structures of nanometric diameter. Technical details of it are skipped. They can be used to create sensors and high capacity storage media. Sensors can be used to gain information and with high capacity storage media this information could be stored. Another example is Porous silicon. Similar to CNT, due to its...
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