Topics: Film, Culture, Mainstream Pages: 5 (1479 words) Published: July 30, 2013

(i) Descriptive essays use the senses of sight, smell, touch, hearing, and taste to provide the reader with a mental image or feeling about the subject.

(ii)  Comparison or Contrast essay is an essay in which you either compare something or contrast something.  A comparison essay is an essay in which you emphasize the similarities, and a contrast essay is an essay in which you emphasize the differences.  We use comparison and contrast thinking when deciding which university to attend, which car to buy, or whether to drive a car or take a bus or an airplane to a vacation site.

(iii) A cause and effect essay as the name suggests is a form of writing in which the writer dwells on the reasons why a particular event took place as well as the results or effects of the event.

(iv) A narrative essay refers to a written composition whose story is told from a defined point of view. This point of view is commonly the writer's and hence has feeling of specific and sensory details given to make the reader get involved in the elements and the sequence of the story.

(v) Process Essay: an essay that describes the method by which an event, task, or goal is completed

Q.2: An Essay on Films
Film is a means of creative expression. It performs the functions of mass media. Such as information, education, entertainment and transmission of culture. Films are widely popular and their audio visual nature provides them a pervasive power for social influence. Therefore, they have the potential to play an important role as a medium of entertainment, information and education and as a catalyst for social change. Films are popular because they entertain. They are a facet of a mass culture and mass art. They generate mass mediated culture arising from elite, folk, popular or mass origins. Almost every person of the society has participated in the activity of going to cinema hall and enjoying a film. According to Jovett and Linton, "obviously there is still something unique and inherently appealing about going to the movies", and this is clearly different from other mass media experiences". (1989: 89). The social institution of movie going is firmly established in our society and movies have played an important part as one of the factors contributing to the dramatic changes which have taken place in the last 50 years in the way we live and also in how we perceive the world around us. They have provided us not only with entertainment, but also with ideas, and it would be difficult to conceive of our society without them. The films take as their starting point those aspects of society with which we have become familiar. They create twist plots and use other narrative devices which infuse the story with sufficient new elements to attract an audience. Films draw heavily from reality, portraying situations that have resemblance to the everyday stresses and aspirations of viewers' lives. The movies recognize the link between their lives and films in both general and specific terms. The ease of comprehension helps the viewer to assume the role of the characters and to identify with them quickly and effectively. Films appeal to their primary emotions and sentiments. Films provide photographic realism, vivid visual presentation in which the images are already fully established, easily identified and followed. Melodrama in films draws suppressed fears and desires into a public realm, but suggests personal solutions. The viewers are active participants in the construction of the image that both represents present reality and allows them to escape as future fantasy. Tudar (1969), pointed out that the darkened theatre, combined with the heightened intensity of the message stimuli, the increased sense of social isolation that it creates, and the relaxed posture of the movie viewer make the message more emotionally potent. Thus, films leave lasting impression of the message. For example, films like Mother India, Naya Duar, Awara...
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