Focus Question: How did the NAACP assist the African American population in fighting segregation and how successful were these efforts?
Segregation is explained as the “policy of separating racial groups in all aspects of their lives to ensure that whites maintained supremacy over African Americans”. With segregation being a large issue in the lives of African Americans in the 1900’s, organisations such as the NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Coloured People) were created in order to assist the African Americans in fighting this issue. In this report, I will be assessing the NAACP’s contribution to the fight against segregation in the 1900’s, with reference to many key events along the way, judging its success in this fight. The NAACP was a civil rights organisation, whose mission was “To ensure the political, educational, social and economic equality of rights of all persons and to eliminate racial hatred and racial discrimination”. It used many different forms of resistance, mainly the use of test cases, but also including boycotts, marches and sit-ins to achieve this mission. The most famous of the NAACP’s efforts include the “Little Rock Nine”, the Montgomery Bus Boycott and participation in the March on Washington. The “Little Rock Nine” is the name for a group of nine African American students who attempted to integrate into Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas. The first attempt of these students entering the school was on the 4th of September 1957. The students were recruited by Daisy Bates, the president of the Arkansas branch of the NAACP. On the day of the first attempt, a white mob gathered in front of the school, and General Orval Faubus deployed the Arkansas National Guard to stop the students from entering. In response, the NAACP sent a team of lawyers, including Thurgood Marshall, to fight for the student’s rights. The NAACP team won a federal district court injunction to prevent the government from blocking the...
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