The idea for European Integration becomes a very important and a necessary part of the welfare of the existing countries in Europe after the First and the Second World Wars. Having in mind the traditional hostility between France and Germany, after the wars some people from the France’s foreign department started looking for an answer to the question: How to stop the wars in the region from happening again?. They found it in the face of the cooperation. This idea was acceptable and met approval by some European countries and the reason is simple – the desire for peace. After something so disastrous like a war, after thousands of victims, destroyed economies, hunger, poverty, desperation and chaos, no one wanted another war. This and the desire of a quick recovery of the damages in the affected countries were the first reasons in the history of the creation the European Union and of course for the European Integration. So, war prevention was the main reason for the European Integration to happen and we have to acknowledge this task had a successful performance - in 2012 the countries in the European Union are awarded with the Nobel Peace Prize. Nowadays, the good sides of being in the European Union are far too many. The main advantages are connected with things like the free movement of labor and capital which have helped create a more flexible and developed economy, the quicker and easier development of the countries, the security and certainty the future even in events of crisis, the free trade and removal of non-tariff barriers, the more possibilities for the students abroad, the free travel for business and pleasure, the extending of the view of life, and the protection for every person who’s country is a member of the European union.
How the idea for cooperated Europe turned into deeds? Winston Churchill was among the first to talk about European integration. In 1946 Churchill influenced the shape of the postwar Europe. He made a speech at the Zurich University, which turned out to be very inspirable. One of his ideas was to be created something like European United States and he proposed partnership between Germany and France. Later, the idea for integration of Europe was perceived seriously.
Foreign minister Robert Shuman made efforts to realize the Churchill’s vision about United Europe. And this became known as the Shuman’s plan. This goal was considered too big and bold and Shuman made a strategy. On 09.05.1950 he outlined a plan to unite Europe’s bitterest enemies France and Germany under a single authority starting with the coal and steel industries. The purpose of the plan, which was developed by Jean Monnet, was to begin building a peaceful united Europe one step at a time. European governments would start partnering with two industries essential to the making of war - coal and steel, and then adding other economic and political sectors until all major decisions are taken at a European level. This organization was the first supranational organization.
So what kind of organization is this and what is the deferens between supranational and intergovernmental organization? When the countries join an the intergovernmental organization they can apply veto. In this case there could always be a country that is not satisfied by a given decision and there is always veto. The effectiveness of the organization would be lost. But if the organization is supranational, the voting will be majoritarian and there wouldn’t be a veto option. The restriction of the sovereignty was stimulated by the political leaders, who wanted the integration. The smooth development of the idea of the cooperated Europe has not always been accepted by the great leaders. For example Charles de Gaulle believed in the European Unity, but he was against the supranational organization. According to him, this kind of an organization was unrealistic and undesirable. Instead, he imagined the Europe unity to work together in synchronization, de...
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