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Topics: Household income in the United States, Gender, Pakistan Pages: 18 (3605 words) Published: April 15, 2014


An Analysis of income Distribution by Gender: A Review of
Household Integrated Economic Survey 2011-12

Submitted to: Dr. Shafqat Shehzad

Submitted by: Adeel Tariq(11273)
Sami Ullah Majid(11113)
Hasnain Shoukat(17494)

An Analysis of income Distribution by Gender: A Review of
Household Integrated Economic Survey 2011-12
Research Conducted By: Adeel Tariq (11273)
Hasnain Shoukat (17494)
Samiullah Majid (11113)

Table of Content

1. Introduction………………………..…………………….…………………………1 2. Population…………………………………………………………………………..2 3. Comparison of Income At National Level in Rural& Urban area…………...…3 3.1 Comparison of Income of both Gender at National Level…………..……3 3.2 Comparison of Income of male at National Level………………………..4 3.3 Comparison of Income of females at National Level ……………………5

5. Comparison of Income of Males/Female……………………………………….6 5.1 Comparison of Income of Males/Females In Punjab…….………………..6 5.2 Comparison of Income of Males/Females In Sindh……….………………8 5.3 Comparison of Income of Males/Females In KP………….………………9 5.4 Comparison of Income of Males/Females in Balochistan…..……………..10

7. Income Distribution Within The Industry
7.1 Agriculture…………………………………………………………………11
7.2 Mining and Quarrying……………………………………………….…….12
7.3 Manufacturing……………………………………………………………..13
7.4 Energy…………………………………………………………………….13
7.5 Construction………………………………………………………………13
7.6 Wholesale & Related trade…………………………………….................14
7.7 Transport & Storage………………………………………………………15
7.8 Finance & Real Estate…………………………………………………….15
7.9 Social & Personal Services……………………………………..................16 8. Conclusion…...…………………………………………………...…………………..17 9. References....................................................................................................................18

Table Of Figures
1.1 Population…………………………………………………………………………2 2.1 Comparison of Income of both Gender at National Level………………..…..……3 2.2 Comparison of Income of male at National Level…………………………………4 2.3 Comparison of Income of females at National Level ……………………………..5 4.1 Comparison of Income of Males/Females In Punjab…….………………………....7 4.2 Comparison of Income of Males/Females In Sindh……….…………………….…8 4.3 Comparison of Income of Males/Females In KP………….………………………..9 4.4 Comparison of Income of Males/Females in Balochistan…..………………………10 An Analysis of Income Distribution by Gender: A Review of

Household Integrated Economic Survey 2011-12

1. Introduction:
Empirical research indicated that urban wages exceed those in rural areas in all region. Worker in cities earn 33 percent more than their non-urban counter parts. Rural areas have been also characterized by both unemployment rates and underemployment rates continuously above those in major urban economies. Rural mother face unique barriers or distinctives to employment. Single mother are found to receive lower wages in non metropolitan areas Such rural-urban differences in wages and employment may simply due to differences in the composition of rural and urban populations. For example lower job experience levels are associated with lower earnings, and average experience rates and levels of education to be lower in rural areas. There is some evidence that the cost of living in urban area is much more higher than in rural areas and wages also depends on the cost of living. However its been proven in different researches that the lower female earnings rates are partly due to the way that rural labor market disadvantage female. Female in rural are less likely than men to find adequate employment and more likely to become employed in low wage or low hour jobs. Rural female are largely confined...
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