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Topics: Crime, Criminology, Sociology Pages: 7 (1642 words) Published: October 11, 2010
CH. 2 – Crime Waves, Fears and Social Reality (Kappeler)

I.Facts About Crime and Criminals
A.There is no crime wave in US
1.victimization declining
B.Most crimes are minor incidents
1.not serious, violent or dangerous
C.Most crimes committed by those we trust most
D.Most do not involve use of weapon
E.Most interracial
F.Government hides corporate crime, political crime and corruption

II.Uniform Crime Report (UCR)
Most commonly recognized measures of crime in US
A.Exaggerates serious crime
1.reported by local police depts 2 agencies classify crime in exactly the same way false impression that street crime is more dangerous and common than it actually is B.Statistics can be manipulated
1.subject to political manipulation
2.police officials make crime rates rise or fall depending on political exigencies data falsified??

III.National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS)
Better source of crime data
Measures both reported and unreported crime
A.Steady decrease in violent and property crimes
1.violent crime down 55.4% and property crime down 48.8%
2.decreases are not small or marginal and they are consistent 3.between 1993 & 2003 no crime category showed victimization increase

IV.Reality of Crime
A.Strangers and crime
1.NCVS data states that 55.5% of all violent crime victimizations were by “nonstrangers” B.Weapons, injury and crime
1.weapons used in 24% of all violent crime
2.use of weapons declining
3.most violent victimizations do not involve weapons
C.Race and crime and politicians play on ingrained racism in US
2.interracial crime is very rare
a.73% white crimes victimized by whites
b.75% black crimes victimized by blacks

V.Crime Images
A.The media
1.grossly distorts our view of crime media make violent crime seem normal and commonplace 3.primary and most consistent source of info on crime, criminals, crime control policies and criminal justice system for most Americans most sensational and unusual crimes

5.distorted coverage leads to misinformed public
B.Crime-industrial Complex
1.criminal justice establishment has a pecuniary interest in crime portrayed as serious and growing a.criminal justice complex employs approximately 2.3 million people 2.enormous sums of money, jobs and beurocratic survival depend on increasing concerns about crime 3.policy decisions and jurisdictional issues

4.large and growing private crime-control industry
C.Invisible crime
1.What about crime and victims of criminal justice officials, political leaders and professionals? 2.Corporate America, the medical community and military?

CH 3 – Myth and Fear of Missing Children (Kappeler)

I.Influences of public perception
A.The National Center for Missing and Exploited Children
1.established in 1984 as a private, non-profit organization 2.policy based on stories emphasizes and exaggerates one aspect of problem while ignoring others 3.linking missing with sexually exploited children precipitates increased emotionalism and concern 4.suffering of parents lends urgency to advocate groups

B.Media depictions false impression of magnitude of problem
2.2002 theme seemed to be child abductions -> few cases were sensationalized and caused a panic C.Children can be missing without being exploited or abused AND exploitation and abuse can occur at home D.Lack of clear definition of child abductions further complicates the issue

II.Creating Reality Through Misleading Stats
A.Early reality behind stats
1.inaccurate data
2.1 million of nearly 1.5 million missing kids are runaways 3.children not removed from missing files once located
B.More reliable numbers
a.numbers derived from 4 surveys
2.numbers show runaways account for 86.5& of missing kids
3.10.5% abducted by family member
4.only about .00006% resembled the media depictions of stranger abductions C....
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