My Latin Culture

Topics: Cuba, Fulgencio Batista, Fidel Castro Pages: 12 (3911 words) Published: February 25, 2013

My name is Beatriz A. Aquino and I was born in Havana, Cuba. My parents emigrated to the beautiful state of Florida in May of 1967. I was a month short of turning 2 years old. I have never visited the country where I was born due to the political system practiced there but I do know its history customs and cultures. I consider myself a Cuban-American. What I mean by this is I was born a Cuban and am very proud to say that; however I was raised in the United States and therefore will always be an American.

Throughout this paper I will guide you on a journey throughout the beautiful island that sits just 90 miles away. That land where I was born, CUBA. Cuba as it was known to many as the most beautiful island in the Carribean has now lost most of its beauty due to a communist regime that has ruled over the island for 60 years.

The Republic of Cuba consists of one large island and several small ones situated on the northern rim of the Caribbean Sea, about 160 kilometers (100 miles) south of Florida. With an area of 110,860 square kilometers (42,803 square miles), Cuba is the largest country in the Caribbean. The area occupied by Cuba is slightly smaller than the state of Pennsylvania.

Cuba's coastline is marked by bays, reefs, keys, and islets. Along the southern coast are long stretches of lowlands and swamps. Slightly more than half the island consists of flat or rolling terrain, and the remainder is hilly or mountainous

How was Cuba put on the map…Christopher Columbus landing on the island during his first voyage of discovery on 28 October 1492. Although, according to archeological evidence it is suggested that, before Columbus' arrival the indigenous Guanajatabey, who had inhabited the island for centuries, were driven to the west of Cuba by the arrival of two subsequent waves of migrants, the Taino and the Ciboney. These peoples, had migrated north along the Caribbean island chain. According to historians the neo-Taino population of Cuba had reached 350,000 by the end of the 15th Century. Their peoples cultivated the yuca root, harvested it. Baked it to produce cassava bread which was a favorite. They grew cotton and tobacco, and ate maize and sweet potatoes. Cuba’s soil is very rich in fertilizer.

Havana was briefly occupied by Great Britain, before being returned to Spain in exchange for Florida. A series of rebellions during the 19th century failed to end Spanish rule. However, increased tensions between Spain and the United States, which culminated in the Spanish-American War, finally led to a Spanish withdrawal in 1898, and in 1902 Cuba gained formal independence. In the years following its independence, Cuba saw significant economic development, but also political corruption and a succession of despotic leaders, culminating in the overthrow of the dictator Fulgencio Batista by the communist revolutionary Fidel Castro during the 1953-9 Cuban Revolution. Cuba has since been ruled by Castro's Communist Party of Cuba. The country has been politically and economically isolated since the Revolution, but has gradually become more open to foreign commerce and travel. other countries.

By 1961, thousands of Cubans had fled Cuba for the United States. On 22 March an exile council was formed. By 1961, thousands of Cubans had fled Cuba for the United States. On 22 March an exile council was formed. From 1959 through 1993, some 1.2million Cubans (about 10% of the current population) left the island for the United States, often by sea in small boats and fragile rafts. Between 30,000 and 80,000 Cubans are estimated to have died trying flee Cuba.

The United States severed diplomatic relations with Cuba on 3 January 1961, and Imposed a trade embargo on February 1962.The Organization of American states, under pressure from the United States, suspended Cuba's membership in the body on 22 January 1962, and the US Government banned all US-Cuban...
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