My Experience and Understanding of Adventure-Based Counselling.Docx
Topics: Learning, Educational psychology, Outdoor education, Reinforcement / Pages: 5 (1157 words) / Published: Mar 4th, 2013

19-10-2012
My Experience and Understanding of Adventure-based Counselling

Instructor: Lau Yau Kuen
19-10-2012
My Experience and Understanding of Adventure-based Counselling

Instructor: Lau Yau Kuen

According to Neill (2004), ‘Adventure therapy is the use of adventure-based activities and/or adventure-based theory to provide people with emotional and/or behavioral problems with experiences which lead to positive change in their lives.’ Adventure therapy is also “programming aimed at changing [specified] dysfunctional behavior patterns, using adventure experiences as forms of habilitation and rehabilitation” (Priest & Grass, 2005). The underlying philosophy of adventure-based counseling (ABC) is experiential education and it stresses on one’s personal improvement through full value contract, adventure wave and challenge by choice (Schoel, Prouty & Radcliffe, 1988). After several lectures, different skills were explained and even applied on ourselves. In this essay, these theories and experience will be discussed.

Adventure-based counseling is part of the means of experiential learning. Educational psychologists usually define learning as “a change in the individual caused by experience” (Slavin, 1986, p.104). Through various experiences, people can learn from them and gain personal growth. Kolb (1984) suggested an experiential learning cycle, pointing out four essential elements of experiential learning, which are experience, review, conclusion and planning. Applying to Adventure-based counseling, experience means some challenging activities for groups or individuals. Review means encouraging individuals to reflect, describe, communicate and learn from the experience. Conclusion means concluding past and present experiences and planning means applying new learning in the future.

There are several learning theories explaining how experiences can lead to learning, which means behavioral changes or cognitive developments. Operant conditioning

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