mutual fund

Topics: Investment, Mutual fund, Collective investment scheme Pages: 17 (5315 words) Published: December 15, 2013

TABLE of CONTENT
INTRODUCTION………………………………………………………….…………1 CONCEPT OF A MUTUAL FUND…………………………………………………2 ADVANTAGES OF MUTUAL FUNDS………………………………..…………..3 DISADVANTAGES OF MUTUAL FUNDS………………………………………..5 FREQUENTLY USED TERMS…………………………………………………….6 TYPES OF MUTUAL FUND SCHEMES…………………………………………..7 BY STRUCTURE

BY INVESTMENT OBJECTIVE
APPROACHES TO PORTFOLIO
MANAGEMENT (FUND MANAGEMENT STYLE)………………………….…12 MUTUAL FUND AND PAKISTAN………………………………………………13 MUFAP (MUTUAL FUND ASSOCIATION OF PAKISTAN)
TAXATION ON MUTUAL FUNDS
RULES GOVERN MUTUAL FUNDS ………………………………………….14 IN PAKISTAN
PERFORMANCE OF MUTUAL……………………………………………..….15 FUND COMPANIES OF PAKISTAN
MUTUAL FUND COMPANIES IN PAKISTAN………………………………..16 NAMES MUTUAL FUND………………………………………………………..17 (ASSET MANAGEMENT) COMPANIES IN PAKISTAN
INDEX

INTRODUCTION
Specialization is the order of the day, be it with regard to a scheme’s investment objective or its targeted investment universe. Given the plethora of options on hand and the hard-sell adopted by mutual funds vying for a piece of your savings, finding the right scheme can sometimes seem a bit daunting. Mind you, it’s not just about going with the fund that gives you the highest returns. It’s also about managing risk–finding funds that suit your risk appetite and investment needs. So, how can you, the retail investor, create wealth for yourself by investing through mutual funds? To answer that, we need to get down to brass tacks–what exactly is a mutual fund? Very simply, a mutual fund is an investment vehicle that pools in the monies of several investors, and collectively invests this amount in either the equity market or the debt market, or both, depending upon the fund’s objective. This means you can access either the equity or the debt market, or both, without investing directly in equity or debt.

CONCEPT OF A MUTUAL FUND
A Mutual Fund is a trust that pools the savings of a number of investors who share a common financial goal. The money thus collected is then invested in capital market instruments such as shares, debentures and other securities. The income earned through these investments and the capital appreciations realized are shared by its unit holders in proportion to the number of units owned by them. Thus a Mutual Fund is the most suitable investment for the common man as it offers an opportunity to invest in a diversified, professionally managed basket of securities at a relatively low cost. The flow chart below describes broadly the working of a mutual fund:- Savings form an important part of the economy of any nation. With savings invested in various options available to the people, the money acts as the driver for growth of the country. Indian financial scene too presents multiple avenues to the investors. Though certainly not the best or deepest of markets in the world, it has ignited the growth rate in mutual fund industry to provide reasonable options for an ordinary man to invest his savings. Investment goals vary from person to person. While somebody wants security, others might give more weightage to returns alone. Somebody else might want to plan for his child’s education while somebody might be saving for the proverbial rainy day or even life after retirement. With objectives defying any range, it is obvious that the products required will vary as well.

INVESTORS EARN FROM A MUTUAL FUND IN THREE WAYS:
1. Income is earned from dividends declared by mutual fund schemes from time to time. 2. If the fund sells securities that have increased in price, the fund has a capital gain. This is reflected in the price of each unit. When investors sell these units at prices higher than their purchase price, they stand to make a gain. 3. If fund holdings increase in price but are not sold by the fund manager, the fund's unit price increases. You can then sell your mutual fund units for a profit. This is tantamount to a valuation gain. ADVANTAGES OF MUTUAL FUNDS

1. PROFESSIONAL...
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