MUTINY OF 1857
The profound hypocrisy and inherent barbarism of bourgeois civilization lies unveiled before our eyes, turning from its home, where it assumes respectable forms, to the colonies, where it goes naked. Did they not, in India, to borrow an expression of that great robber, Lord Clive himself, resort to atrocious extortion, when simple corruption could not keep pace with their rapacity? While they muttered in Europe about the inviolable sanctity of the national debt, did they not confiscate in India the dividends of the rajahs, who had invested their private savings in the Company’s own funds? While they combated the French revolution under the pretext of defending “our holy religion,” did they not forbid, at the same time, Christianity to be propagated in India, and did they not, in order to make money out of the pilgrims streaming to the temples of Orissa and Bengal, take up the trade in the murder and prostitution perpetrated in the temple of the Juggernaut? These are the men of “Property, Order, Family, and Religion.” Karl Marx, the New-York Daily Tribune. 22 July, 1853.
Colonization of India / Political and Economic for England
The Sepoy War of 1857 between the Rebills in India and the British ruling Government began long before March of 1857. Shortly after the British colonized India, they began to impose on India’s people, the cultural and religious convictions imposed by the British Government. The history of this war is still a battle between the two, as to the facts of the two accounts from the British who won the war and the Indians who were defeated. Putting this war on paper is not an easy task as there are so many points of views from different historians describing them. By its nature, the East India Company (referred to in this article as EIC) was an enormous export company that was for the most part, and much of the driving force for the military occupation. The company was staffed by military men holding both military tiles and rank. Military bases or repressions were placed around key towns; While Sepoy units were based in all Princely States. The power of the EIC was in the making for almost 150 years. Back around 1693, the British Government had bribed the Indian Government with “gift” in annual disbursements that reached nearly 90,000 pounds. By bribing the EIC was allowed operations in the overseas market regardless of the fact that the silks, cotton, and other cheaper imports of South Asia hurt the internal business, (but surly making England much richer and by this time a major global player in the trade industry. By occupying India they had a trade route that would bring in and out goods through all of South Asia and beyond). This was allowed for over 100 years, but by 1767, EIC had been forced into a contract, that the company would pay nearly 400,000 pounds to the National Exchequer each year. This would go on for some 81 years and would eventually put an unbearable strain on EIC. The financial problems reached a point that increasing revenue would require massive expansion of the properties already taken over by the British Government. To overcome this burden the British moved into place adoption rights of native princes, which allowed them to annex over 12 independent Rajas between the years of 1848 and 1854. To strengthen and control the new properties the British had 40,000 of their own officers establish an army of 200,000 South Asian soldiers to dominate India by 1857. This now allowed the EIC to export tons of gold, silk and cotton as well as other treasured materials back to England every year.
Conversion to Christianity: a cultural and psychological shock and aw. After the British had settled in and established their principal in India, they set out to change the Indian society from Hindu and Muslim beliefs into the Christianity ways of England. The humanitarian movement of western ideas led to new reforms that went deeper than the political ridicule of the British....
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