Music Therapy

Topics: Term, Music, Therapy Pages: 3 (1002 words) Published: March 30, 2014
Music Therapy has been a part of culture and medicine longer than the general population realizes. Native Americans used chants and songs as part of their healing processes and ancient Greeks believed that the music is what healed the soul and body. The term music therapy first appeared in the article “Music Physically Considered” in Colombian Magazine (1789) where the author remained anonymous. Within the upcoming years two medical dissertations were published. In the early 1900’s several associations, such as The National Society of Musical Therapeutics (1903), The National Association for Music in Hospitals (1926), and The National Foundation of Music Therapy (1941), formed in the hopes of making music therapy a more common practice. However, these groups were unsuccessful in their attempts. It wasn't until the mid-1900 that the U.S. Veterans Administration formally used music therapy to treat shell shock in World War II, which in turn helped revive the practice of musical therapy. In 1944 musical therapy officially became a college degree starting at Michigan State University. Since then, musical therapy has developed as a field of study and has been used to treat all kinds of illnesses and disabilities. It can be used to treat such a wide variety of health issues ranging from heart disease to psychiatric disorders. The broad scope of musical therapy makes it a popular treatment method for all kinds of disorders. Musical therapy is used to treat neurological disorders such as schizophrenia, amnesia, dementia, Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s disease, depression, aphasia, speech disorders, and Tourette’s. It can also be used to treat dementia, amnesia, and stroke victims. Musical therapy can even be used to treat something as severe as cancer. Cancer has become a wide-spread problem in America. In 2013, 306,920 Men and 273,430 Women passed with lung and bronchus being the most prevalent cancer to kill. Chemotherapy is a common treatment for cancer patients. Most...
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