Pitch is the frequency of a sound, and it relates to the highness or lowness of a tone that we hear. The cycle of these twelve keys is repeated on the keyboard a number of times. The repetition of these twelve pitches is known as an octave. A scale is a group of notes in ascending and descending pitch. We often see the C scale referred to when we are talking about music. You may be familiar with the syllables that we sometimes use to sing a scale: Do, Re, Me, Fa, So (or Sol), La, Ti, Do. Rhythm represents another fundamental aspect of music and perhaps the most fundamental of all musical elements. It is the timing of the musical sounds or notes in the music. Rhythm is composed of both the strong, accented pulses as well as the weaker, unaccented pulses. The beat is the basic time unit within a piece of music. You may have seen a music score with bars of notes indicated. These bars of music are giving the musician information not only about the pitch of the music, but also the rhythm. Syncopation involves placing emphasis on normally un-emphasized beats or using a rest on a normally emphasized beat. In other words, syncopation involves disrupting or interrupting the expected or normal rhythm of music. Many different types of music, including ska, reggae, rap, jazz, and some forms of metal, use syncopation regularly in the music. Tempo is the speed of a given piece of music. If you think about it, tempo plays an important role in determining the mood of a piece of music, along with elements like pitch. A metronome, or a device that produces regular ticks or beats according to the beats per minute, is one way that musicians and composers can help maintain a consistent pace in the music.
general tempo for a piece of music:
• Largo: very slow
• Adagio: slow
• Moderato: moderate tempo
• Allegro: fast
• Presto: very fast
The notes that are used to indicate tempo include:
Dynamics in music refers to the loudness or softness of a note, as well as the...
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