It is very difficult to define jazz because it has so many varieties. Almost all jazz styles have improvisations and swing feeling. Improvisation means compose and perform at the same time.
Four ingredients that help music swing are steady beat, syncopation, lilting quality, and rising and falling of the melodic line. Charles Mingus was a jazz bassist known for his composing and improvising. Dizzy Gillespie was a modern jazz trumpeter who devised a highly syncopated style of improvising. Jazz musicians usually begin playing a tune they all know and then they make up their own music. Chapter 2
Jazz musicians follow common practices while performing tunes such as the 12-bar blues and the A-A-B-A construction. The melody in a tone is played before and after the improvisation is played. Rhythm section is the part of a jazz combo that provides the accompaniment for the soloist. Chorus: Single paying through of the structure being used to organize the music in an improvisation. Bridge: The B part of and A-A-B-A composition.
Walking bass: A bass note per beat.
Comping: Syncopated chording accompaniment for an improvised solo. Chapter 3
New Orleans was the ideal site for the birth of jazz because it was an intensely musical city. African American music such as blues and ragtime blended with European dance music and church music. Ragtime: A popular turn of the 20th century style of written piano music involving pronounced syncopation. Blues: A style of African American song, originally consisting of a vocal with guitar accompaniment that often expresses a lonesome or sad feeling. Creole of color: A person who has mixed French and African ancestry and was born in the New World. Scott Joplin was the most important ragtime composer.
Collective improvisation: Simultaneous improvisation by all members of a group together. Stride: Left hand style used by early jazz pianist.
Front line: Musicians appearing...
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