Museum and Tourism

Topics: Tourism, World Tourism Organization, Museum Pages: 74 (25591 words) Published: August 14, 2013
Museums and tourism
Stakeholders, resource and sustainable development

Master’s Dissertation International Museum Studies Museion/Göteborg University Spring term 2004 Author: Guðbrandur Benediktsson Supervisor: Cajsa Lagerkvist

LIST OF CONTENTS

FOREWORD. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1. INTRODUCTION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.1. Aims and objectives. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.2. Theoretical approaches and sources. . . . . . . . . .

2 3 5 5

2. TERMS AND DEFINITIONS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 2.1. What is a museum? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 2.2. What is tourism? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 3. MUSEUMS AND CULTURAL TOURISM. . . . . . . . . . 16 3.1. Stakeholders. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 3.2. The resource. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 3.3. Sustainable development. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 3.4. Cooperation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 4. CASE STUDIES. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.1. Göteborgs Stadsmuseum. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.2. Reykjavik Museum. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.3. Comparison on GSM and RM. . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.4. SWOT-analysis regarding the museums and tourism. 5. CONCLUSION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6. BIBLIOGRAPHY. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . APPENDIX. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 34 37 40 43 47 50 60

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FOREWORD
The work on this dissertation has taken almost one year, the origin of the idea can be traced back to June 2003 and later that summer I began my work as an intern at Göteborgs Stadsmuseum, focusing on the museum’s relationship with tourism. The more I got acquainted to the subject, the more interesting I found it and with the support from Cajsa Lagerkvist, my supervisor in The Master’s Programme in International Museums Studies at Museion – Göteborg University, I decided to study this topic further and to this master’s dissertation. I have had the unique opportunity to work on my research in two museums; Göteborgs Stadsmuseum and Reykjavik Museum. This has given me the chance to get access to various sources within the museums, libraries and archives, meetings and of course access to the specialists working at the museum. I wish to thank the staffs at both the museums for their contribution to my essay, by answering all my questions and giving helpful comments. Especially I want to thank Brita Karlsson, head of department of public programs at Göteborgs Stadsmuseum, who was my supervisor during my intern period at the museum. I also want to thank Marie Nyberg and Gösta Öborn, both at the department of public programs at the museum. At Reykjavik Museum I want to thank Guðný Gerður Gunnarsdóttir, the museum’s director for all her support. I also want to thank others specialists at the museum for their input and conversations, especially Anna Lísa Guðmundsdóttir archaeologist for her good comments and feedback. The author is responsible for the text presented in this dissertation, as well as all calculations, figures and tables.

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1. INTRODUCTION
In this paper I will discuss the relationship between museums and tourism. The topic is related to cultural heritage studies and management, since museum operation is a part of cultural heritage management and shares some of the same basic ideology. It is also connected to tourism studies, because heritage studies have certain aspects in common with that field, especially when it comes to cultural tourism.1 Therefore is seems obvious that the topic is by nature interdisciplinary and extensive. But to be more concise in my approach I will discuss it from the museum perspective, focusing on certain aspects of museum operation – and particularly in relation with cultural history museums.2 The topic is relevant to recent trends within the field of museum...


Bibliography: iv) Informal interviews - focus groups Interviews with 9 tourist at RM – from England and USA. April 30. 2004. Interviews with 12 visitors at GSM – people from Iceland living in Göteborg. Octorber 11. 2003.
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