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Musculoskeletal System Research Paper

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Musculoskeletal System Research Paper
The Musculoskeletal System
The Musculoskeletal System combines the skeletal system and the muscular system. All of the bones, cartilage, muscles, joints, tendons and ligaments in a person's body compose what is known as the musculoskeletal system. The bones provide the body with a framework, giving it shape and support; they also serve as protection for internal organs such as the lungs and liver. Muscles are fibres that help to make deliberate movement of a body part or involuntary movement within an internal organ possible. Some people view the musculoskeletal system as two body systems in one or two systems that work very closely together, with one being the muscular system and the other being the skeletal system. The bones of the musculoskeletal
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The process of warming up helps the musculoskeletal system to get ready for exercise and makes you less likely to get injured. When your muscles are warmed up they act like a piece of blue tac or elastic, they will start to stretch and become more flexible, but when they are cold (not warmed up) they are more likely to just snap, this is the same with blue tac or elastic. The process of mobilisation is used to increase joint mobility. This lubricates joints by releasing synovial fluid onto them and by doing this it will also help to warm them up. This means that joints will have their full range of movements but will start off small and get larger. When taking part in resistance exercises such as lifting weights, the process can be designed to actually break muscle fibres. This is because you have to break them so they will grow back bigger and …show more content…
During exercise, a number of changes take place to the cardiovascular system to ensure that the muscles receive the required amounts of oxygen. If you take part in one exercise session, for example, a game of basketball, the cardiovascular will responds in a variety of ways. Increase heart rate, increased blood pressure and redirection of blood flow.
Short term effects of exercise on the respiratory system
During exercise the muscle cells use up more oxygen and produce increased amounts of carbon dioxide. Your lungs and heart have to work harder to supply the extra oxygen and remove the carbon dioxide. Your breathing rate increases and you breathe more deeply. Heart rate also increases in order to transport the oxygenated blood to the muscles.
Muscle cell respiration increases - more oxygen is used up and levels of carbon dioxide rise. The brain detects increasing levels of carbon dioxide - a signal is sent to the lungs to increase breathing. Breathing rate and the volume of air in each breath increase - This means that more gaseous exchange takes place. The brain also tells the heart to beat faster so that more blood is pumped to the lungs for gaseous exchange. More oxygenated blood is gets to the muscles and more carbon dioxide is

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