Top-Rated Free Essay

municpal solid waste

Good Essays
An open dump is defined as abandoned piles of household garbage, bags of yard waste, appliances, old barrels, used tires, and demolition debris such as lumber, shingles, pipes and asbestos can threaten the health of humans, wildlife, and the environment. (Epa.state.il.us, 2014)
Open dumps pose the following health, safety, and environmental threats:
• Fire and explosion
• Inhalation of toxic gases
• Injury to children playing on or around the dump site
• Disease carried by mosquitoes, flies, and rodents
• Contamination of streams, rivers and lakes
• Contamination of soil and groundwater
• Contamination of drinking water
• Damage to plant and wildlife habitats
• Decrease in the quality of life to nearby residents and the local community
Open dumps create a public nuisance, divert land from more productive uses, and depress the value of surrounding land. (Epa.state.il.us, 2014) Early landfills were made in were made in wetlands, which were thought to be wasteland back then. Early landfills leaked into rivers and lakes and built up gases, like methane. Garbage dumps used to catch fire and even explode, because as garbage rots, it gives off methane, a flammable gas. (Exploringnature.org, 2014) Early landfills have significant problems with the Leachate organization because it was an unconstrained contaminant release, the methane organization did not exist, and incomplete decomposition as well as settle was so high because 8% of waste was secondhand. Modern landfills are carefully designed to contain waste and protect the environmental integrity of the surrounding area – including the air, water and soil. Our landfill incorporates advanced design features, including multi-layer liner construction, gas extraction and leachate removal systems. (Millseatlandfill.wm.com, 2014) This is completely different from early landfill because there was no way to contain the waste. Modern landfills include engineered protective liners, leachate group systems, groundwater nursing and much more.
Altamont Landfill and Resource Recovery Facility in Livermore, CA has implemented a special program to protect the endangered San Joaquin Kit Fox. The protection program includes many projects to protect the San Joaquin Kit Fox. Exclusion zones are placed around dens. Limited disturbance of areas adjacent to construction and storage areas must be maintained. Escape ramps are constructed in all holes or trenches greater than 2 feet deep, and sides must have a slope no greater than 45 degrees. (Environmentalchemistry.com, 2014) The Altamont landfill is making steps to having less pollution by promoting the recycle, reduce, reuse slogan. This is a positive outcome because having a controlled Landfill serves for those around to be able to live in a little less trash.

References

Epa.state.il.us, (2014). Illinois EPA - Open Dumps. [online] Available at: http://www.epa.state.il.us/land/illegal-dumping/open-dumps.html [Accessed 25 May. 2014].

Exploringnature.org, (2014). Too Much Trash -- Exploring Nature Educational Resource. [online] Available at: http://www.exploringnature.org/db/detail.php?dbID=7&detID=2502 [Accessed 25 May. 2014].

Millseatlandfill.wm.com, (2014). Modern Landfill Design | Waste Management. [online] Available at: http://millseatlandfill.wm.com/environmental-protection/modern-landfill-design.jsp [Accessed 25 May. 2014].

Environmentalchemistry.com, (2014). Protecting Wildlife from Trash (EnvironmentalChemistry.com). [online] Available at: http://environmentalchemistry.com/yogi/hazmat/articles/trash.html [Accessed 25 May. 2014].

References: Epa.state.il.us, (2014). Illinois EPA - Open Dumps. [online] Available at: http://www.epa.state.il.us/land/illegal-dumping/open-dumps.html [Accessed 25 May. 2014]. Exploringnature.org, (2014). Too Much Trash -- Exploring Nature Educational Resource. [online] Available at: http://www.exploringnature.org/db/detail.php?dbID=7&detID=2502 [Accessed 25 May. 2014]. Millseatlandfill.wm.com, (2014). Modern Landfill Design | Waste Management. [online] Available at: http://millseatlandfill.wm.com/environmental-protection/modern-landfill-design.jsp [Accessed 25 May. 2014]. Environmentalchemistry.com, (2014). Protecting Wildlife from Trash (EnvironmentalChemistry.com). [online] Available at: http://environmentalchemistry.com/yogi/hazmat/articles/trash.html [Accessed 25 May. 2014].

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Powerful Essays

    solid waste

    • 24336 Words
    • 98 Pages

    otherwise known as the "Philippine Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000," and by virtue of Executive Order No. 192, Series of 1987, the Department of Environment and Natural Resources hereby adopts and promulgates the following rules and regulations PART I GENERAL PROVISIONS Rule I. Preliminary Provisions Section 1. Title These Rules shall be known and cited as the "Implementing Rules and Regulations of the Philippine Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000." Section 2. Purpose…

    • 24336 Words
    • 98 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Solid Waste

    • 496 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Impacts of solid waste on health The group at risk from the unscientific disposal of solid waste include – the population in areas where there is no proper waste disposal method, especially the pre-school children; waste workers; and workers in facilities producing toxic and infectious material. Other high-risk group include population living close to a waste dump and those, whose water supply has become contaminated either due to waste dumping or leakage from landfill sites. Uncollected solid waste…

    • 496 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Solid Waste

    • 831 Words
    • 4 Pages

    UNIVERSITY SUBJECT: Municipal Solid Waste Descriptions and Problems ABSTRACT: The Municipal Solid Waste is based in 4 main components that are recycling, composting, landfilling and waste-to-energy that is mainly done by burning the waste. This is known as materials of no longer being of value and is thrown out for disposal. Waste is handled and separated into different containers which are divided into solids, plastics and paper mainly. There are different types of Waste Handling starting back in…

    • 831 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Solid Waste

    • 1948 Words
    • 8 Pages

    Implementation on Solid Waste Management of Boarding Houses A Research Proposal Presented to the Faculty of Arts and Sciences Surigao del Sur State University Main Campus Tandag City In Partial Fulfillment Of the requirements for The Subject Research Rovie Galagar Saz Chapter 1 THE PROBLEM AND ITS SETTING Introduction Solid Waste Management, the collecting, treating, and disposing of solid material that is discarded because it has served its purpose or is no longer useful…

    • 1948 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Better Essays

    Solid waste in Maldives

    • 1234 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Solid waste in Maldives Today, solid waste management has become a serious issue in the Maldives. Solid waste is the unwanted solid materials which compile up from residential, industrial & commercial activities. The quantity and types of Solid waste produced differs around the world depending on country & with significant changes with time. Solid wastes produced in Maldives mainly consists of organic materials (biodegradable wastes), recyclable waste (paper, glass, metals, plastics), Inert…

    • 1234 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    Solid Waste Management

    • 2564 Words
    • 11 Pages

    Engineering (CEET313a) Solid Waste Management Members: Emilene Santiago Jude Bryant Amante Terrence Gabriel Vida Richard Febra Riki Zita III Aira Samson Christian Bagay Instructor: Edna C. Ambion What is Solid Waste Management? By: Terrence Vida Solid waste management is a polite term for garbage management. As long as humans have been living in settled communities, solid waste, or garbage, has been an issue, and modern societies generate far more solid waste than early humans ever…

    • 2564 Words
    • 11 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Solid Waste Management

    • 4225 Words
    • 17 Pages

    9. Introduction Solid waste is an byproduct of human activities which tends to increase with rapid urbanization, improved living standards and changing consumption patterns. Management of increasing amounts of solid waste has become a major challenge in many cities in developing countries. If solid waste is properly used, it can be a valuable resource, but if it is not effectively managed, it can result in serious adverse impacts on environment and public health. Solid waste management is therefore…

    • 4225 Words
    • 17 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Municipal Solid Waste

    • 950 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Electricity can be produced by burning "municipal solid waste" (MSW) as a fuel. MSW power plants, also called waste to energy (WTE) plants, are designed to dispose of MSW and to produce electricity as a byproduct of the incinerator operation. The term MSW describes the stream of solid waste ("trash" or "garbage") generated by households and apartments, commercial establishments, industries and institutions. MSW consists of everyday items such as product packaging, grass clippings, furniture, clothing…

    • 950 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Best Essays

    Solid Waste Management

    • 3113 Words
    • 13 Pages

    A study of municipal solid waste management system adopted by various municipalities Presented to: Prof. Dr. Dev Raj Adhikari Faculty of Management Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur Prepared by: DamodarNiraula Laxman Raj Kandel Kishore Dhungana Nischal Thapa YogendraAdhikari Master of Philosophy in Management August, 2013 Tribhuvan University Kirtipur, Kathmandu Table of Contents INTRODUCTION Background Waste is a resource that is unutilized…

    • 3113 Words
    • 13 Pages
    Best Essays
  • Good Essays

    Solid Waste Management

    • 6450 Words
    • 26 Pages

    SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PRACTICES WITHIN INFORMAL SETTLEMENTS IN NAIROBI: A CASE STUDY OF MATHARE BY Rosemary Kwamboka TABLE OF CONTENTS ii LIST OF TABLES iii DEDICATION iv ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS v ABSTRACT vi 1.0 INTRODUCTION. 1 1.2 Background of the Study 4 1.3 Problem Statement. 5 1.4 Justification 6 1.5 The purpose of the study 6 1.6 Hypothesis 6 1.7 Specific objectives 6 2.0 LITERATURE REVIEW 7 3.0 METHODOLOGY 11 3.1 Area and population of Study 12 4.0 RESULTS 14 5.0 DISCUSSION…

    • 6450 Words
    • 26 Pages
    Good Essays