Multiple Sclerosis

Good Essays
Multiple-Sclerosis

Alicia Robinson
Alaina Geeter

Lecture 2113/4

Fall 2014

Dr. Rizk

Multiple sclerosis, also known as MS, is one of the most common diseases of the nervous system. It has been around for over a century, before doctors even knew what it was. MS is a disabling disease of the central nervous system, or CNS, that disrupts the flow of communication and information between the brain and the body. It affects various parts of the body and is thought to be an autoimmune disorder. In MS, the immune system attacks the myelin, a sheath-like membrane that covers and protects your nerves. The exact cause of MS is not known and there is currently no cure. Some symptoms of MS are blurred vision, numbness, pain, loss of bladder control, and difficulty walking. MS is a nuerodegenerative disease and inflammtory immune condition the eventually weakens the muscles, making it difficult to walk on your own. Images and studies of the brain show plaques, or areas of scar tissue caused by inflammation of the brain. MS affects woman about twice as much than men, between the ages of twenty and fifty. It is not necessarily a genetically inherited disease, meaning the parents do not have to pass it on to the child. But if you have a twin who has it you are more likely to have it as well. Caucasian people, particularly of North European descent are at the highest risk of developing multiple sclerosis. Treatment of the years for MS has certainly advanced, however this is still no cure. The treatment now focuses on recovering from attacks, slowing the progression of the disease, and managing the symptoms. Corticosteroids are used to reduce nerve inflammation. There are some side effects though, that include, insomnia, increased blood pressure, mood swings and fluid retention. Plasma exchange may be used if your symptoms are severe. This means taking the plasma portion of your blood, seperating it from your blood cells, mixing it with a protein solution called albumin, and



Cited: Facts, Th E Basic. The History of MS (n.d.): n. pag. Web. "The History of Multiple Sclerosis: How Far Have We Come?" The History of Multiple Sclerosis: How Far Have We Come? N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Nov. 2014. "Multiple Sclerosis." Treatments and Drugs. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Nov. 2014. "Multiple Sclerosis." University of Maryland Medical Center. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Nov. 2014. "Multiple-Sclerosis." N.p., n.d. Web.

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Powerful Essays

    Multiple Sclerosis

    • 3277 Words
    • 14 Pages

    Thesis Statement Multiple Sclerosis is mainly an inflammatory disorder of the brain and spinal cord in which central lymphocytic permeation leads to harm of the myelin scabbard and axons. Initially, inflammation is temporary and re-myelination occurs but is not long-lasting. Hence, the early course of disease is characterized by occurrences of neurological dysfunction that usually recover. However, over time the pathological alterations start to take over by widespread microglia activation…

    • 3277 Words
    • 14 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Multiple Sclerosis

    • 578 Words
    • 3 Pages

    M What is multiple sclerosis is a disease that affects the brain and spinal cord resulting in loss of muscle control, vision, balance, and sensation. In the U.S. one in 1,000 people have MS. Did you know that there are four types of MS. The first one is Relapsing/remitting multiple sclerosis in which the patient has relapses or episodes of the disease. Slightly over 80% of those suffering from multiple sclerosis begin with this type. The second one is Secondary progressive MS usually a second stage…

    • 578 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Multiple Sclerosis

    • 2125 Words
    • 9 Pages

    Multiple Sclerosis Multiple sclerosis [MS] is a chronic, autoimmune, inflammatory, neurodegenerative condition of the central nervous system [CNS] (Boppanna, Huang, Ito & Dhib-Jalbut, 2011) characterized by demyelination and axonal loss (Chastain, Duncan, Rodgers & Miller, 2011). MS expresses itself in 4 forms: relapsing remitting MS [RRMS], secondary progressive MS [SPMS], primary progressive MS [PPMS], and progressive relapsing MS [PRMS] (Boppanna, Huang, Ito & Dhib-Jalbut, 2011).…

    • 2125 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS

    • 1192 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Pathophysiology of Multiple Sclerosis Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory autoimmune demyelinating disease of the central nervous system, affecting the brain and spinal cord. MS affects approximately 400,000 people in the United States alone. The onset of MS is usually between 20 and 40 years of age and is more common in women; men may have a more severe progressive course (Luzzio, 2013). Life expectancy is shortened in persons with MS, and the survival rate is linked to disability…

    • 1192 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Best Essays

    Multiple Sclerosis

    • 3081 Words
    • 10 Pages

    Managing Multiple Sclerosis What is Multiple Sclerosis? Living With It and Managing the Disease The mysterious disease called Multiple Sclerosis has no boundaries; it infects people of all genders and nationalities. Although very little is known about the cause of this debilitating sickness, scientists and doctors are recognizing some patterns that may eventually lead to an answer. MS (Multiple Sclerosis) is…

    • 3081 Words
    • 10 Pages
    Best Essays
  • Good Essays

    Multiple Sclerosis

    • 710 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a chronic, progressive, degenerative disorder of the central nervous system. It usually affect’s young adults between the ages of 20 and 40. MS frequency of occurrence is rare. Only afflicts about 10% currently about 400,000 in the United States and 1 million worldwide. The disease basically takes one of four potential directions once established. Relapsing remitting involves about 85% of those affected. Flare-up episodes with worsening conditions are followed by partial…

    • 710 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Multiple Sclerosis

    • 884 Words
    • 4 Pages

    2007 Multiple Sclerosis Multiple sclerosis is a disease of the central nervous system that affects the brain, spinal cord, and the optic nerves. In MS, the myelin sheath, a fatty tissue that surrounds and protects nerve fibers, is damaged. Inflammation also occurs which further destroys the sheath and eventually the nerves that it encompasses. This leads to areas of multiple scarring or sclerosis which can slow down or even block nerve signaling…

    • 884 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Multiple Sclerosis

    • 1511 Words
    • 7 Pages

    Multiple Sclerosis Human Anatomy and Physiology You pick up the telephone to call your friend. You dial a number which will, in effect, let the phone know where to send the signals. Except unknown to you, something has worn away the rubber which covers and protects the wires within your phone. Some signals cannot get through, and the ones that do are unclear. As a result your important information does not get conveyed to your friend.…

    • 1511 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    multiple sclerosis

    • 483 Words
    • 2 Pages

    ABSTRACT: Many people argued that Multiple Sclerosis is for adults and Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis is only for children, but studies have shown that that is not the case. MS is usually seen in adults but it can also be seen in children, although it is less frequent. MS affecting children under the age of 18 is known as pediatric multiple sclerosis. Many but not all argue that adult MS is the same as pediatric MS; conversely there are many people that could argue that that is not the…

    • 483 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Better Essays

    Multiple Sclerosis

    • 835 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Markel Franklin Professor Idziak Speech 1311 March 27, 2012 Multiple Sclerosis Specific Purpose: To inform my audience about multiple sclerosis by exploring various facts of the disease including what causes it, types of the disease and how it is treated. General Purpose: To make people aware of the autoimmune disease. Introduction I. Greeting- Good afternoon Ladies and Gentlemen. It is always a pleasure to stand before such an enthusiastic crowd and to talk…

    • 835 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Better Essays