ABSTRACT: Many people argued that Multiple Sclerosis is for adults and Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis is only for children, but studies have shown that that is not the case. MS is usually seen in adults but it can also be seen in children, although it is less frequent. MS affecting children under the age of 18 is known as pediatric multiple sclerosis. Many but not all argue that adult MS is the same as pediatric MS; conversely there are many people that could argue that that is not the case. An article written by Tanuja Chitnis, he argues that pediatric MS is not the same disease as adult MS because the treatments are different. He also argues that pediatric MS seems to be more of an inflammatory disease. On the other hand, an article written by Hintzen and Pelt states that pediatric MS is the same disease as adult MS because the attacks of the body is the same in both adults and children. Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis often affects children because of the high frequency of immunizations and the primary exposure to antigens. Furthermore, ADE and MS are difficult to diagnose because many inflammatory and non-inflammatory disorder have similar symptoms. Although Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis only happens in children, there are study where the course and the outcome of the disease is worse in adults than in children.
Multiple Sclerosis is a complex disease of a heterogeneous nature. Its etiology has caused many controversies and still remains unknown in the medical community after many decades of research. Multiple Sclerosis is a chronic inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system and the spinal cord, which leads to patches of plaques in the regions of the brain and the spinal cord (Tenemabaum, 2011). The disease affects the body’s neurons, the cells of the brain and the spinal cord that carry information, which creates thoughts and perception, therefore allowing the brain to control the body instead of