Multiple Intelligences and Memory Loss of the Aging
These days I walk into a room and forget why I went in there and it seems to be happening more frequently. It makes me wonder if I am losing my ability to remember anything because I am getting older. According to Merriam-Webster (2014) the definition of memory is: “The power or process of reproducing or recalling what has been learned and retained especially through associative mechanisms.” But what about Multiple Intelligences, is there any impact made on a particular intelligence made by short term memory loss and age. As an individual grows older does their ability to recall a certain discipline they have learned when they were younger. In this article short-term memory loss and aging will be researched. This is a subject that is hits very close to home with me as I am facing the fact that I am middle aged and have to accept fact that the clock only goes forward and cannot be turned back.
The article will also cover some of the ways that can be used to improve memory. Helpguide.com states that “The brain is capable of producing new brain cells at any age, so significant memory loss is not an inevitable result of aging” (2014). There are several things that can be done to alleviate memory loss, ways to “sharpen” your brain as it were. I have gone back to school in my fifties and I think that having to study and write papers on a deadline is helping my short-term memory. Gardner (1983, 1991) proposed the existence of seven relatively autonomous intelligences: linguistic, logical, musical, spatial, bodily kinesthetic, interpersonal and intrapersonal (p. 101). Can any one of these intelligences be affected by the memory loss of aging? Every individual has something they are gifted with; if they have a talent for dance they have bodily kinesthetic intelligence as well as perhaps a musical intelligence to be able to keep to the beat. Obviously someone with linguistic intelligence with have a gift for languages and one with logical intelligence will be good at math. It is possible that the seven multiple intelligences are affected by the memory loss of aging.
Ronald Hoffman, M.D. (2014) told a story about Isabel a choreographer in her mid-forties and had been dancing professionally for years. One day she stepped into her classroom and could not remember the next step she was teaching to her students. Isabel had doing the same step a thousand times over, but though she did her best she could not recall it. She had bodily kinesthetic intelligence and it was affected by sudden memory loss. Gardner suggested that those suffering memory loss often retain ability to perform fine complex tasks leading to theory that Bodily Intelligence is intelligence in its own right (MeathVEC, 2014). The dance teacher may not have not have forgotten her lesson because of the memory loss of age but there is also no proof that she did not. To learn why people are affected by memory loss with the onset of age one must first understand what memory loss is and what is normal and what is not, in other words what is normal memory changes and what are warning signs of dementia. According to Helpguide.com (2014) “The primary difference between age-related memory loss and dementia is the former isn’t disabling. The memory lapses have little impact on your daily performance and ability to do what you want to do: Normal age-related memory changes
Symptoms that may indicate dementia
Able to function independently and pursue normal activities, despite occasional memory lapses Difficulty performing simple tasks (paying bills, dressing appropriately, washing up); forgetting how to do things you’ve done many times Able to recall and describe incidents of forgetfulness
Unable to recall or describe specific instances where memory loss caused problems May pause to remember directions, but doesn’t get lost in familiar places Gets lost or disoriented even in familiar places; unable to...
References: Fortier, D. (2011). Is memory loss normal as you age? Retrieved from website 1/19/2014. http://www.braintoday.com/2011/03/is-memory-loss-normal-as-you-age.html.
Helpguide.org (2014). Age-related memory loss: how to keep your memory sharp as you age. Retrieved from website 1/19/2014. http://www.helpguide.org/life/prevent_memory_loss.htm
Hoffman, R. M.D., C.N. (2014). Growing older and memory. Retrieved from website 1/19/2014. http://www.drhoffman.com/page.cfm/187
MeathVEC, (2014). Multiple intelligences, PDF. Retrieved from website 1/25/2014. http://portal.meathvec.ie/lifelonglearning/Meath_Adult_Guidance/Document%20Library/Multiple%20Intelligences%20PDF.pdf
Merriam-Webster.com, (2014). Retrieved from website 1/19/2014. http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/memory
National Research Council (2000). How people learn: brain, mind, experience and school. National academy press. Washington, D.C., USA.
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