Would you consider yourself a smart person? When posing the question inward, I am immediately reminded of test scores. It was all that my peers could talk about senior year of high school. What you got on your SAT’s and usually the first question would answer the second, what college you would attend? Now almost a decade later looking back on it, I feel that people are a lot smarter than those tests where letting on. Who’s to say that since numbers to me appear as a foreign language that I’m not intelligent? Or to find the meaning of Shakespeare’s plays would be like finding a needle in a haystack so I must not be intelligent. In 1983 Howard Gardner wrote a book entitled Frames of Mind. In it he explores not only the intelligence traditionally assessed by the SAT’s, which are defined by Gardner as linguistic intelligence and logico-mathematical intelligence. He also explores six other ways by which people excel. They are bodily-kinesthetic, musical, interpersonal and intrapersonal, naturalist and spatial intelligence. His emphasis on multiple intelligence gave many people more to ponder than measurable scholastic performance. It gave some hope for a brighter tomorrow and for others all it gave them was a head-ache. In this paper I will explore Gardner’s theory and examples of why some think multiple intelligence or MI should and shouldn’t be used as a basis for education. To answer the initial question taking Howard Gardner’s theories and methods into mind, I would have to say yes, I am smart! Howard Gardner was born in Scranton, Pennsylvania on July 11th 1943. His family had fled Nazi Germany five years prior. Due to the untimely death of this brother Eric, in a sleighing accident, Howard was persuaded away from athletic activities by his parents. His was always a very studious adolescent and he headed off to Harvard in September of 1961 and says, “I loved Harvard; it was an Elysian field for the mind.” (Gardner 2006) Howard Gardner has been a...
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Howard Gardner Hobb Professor of Cognition and Education Harvard Graduate School of Education In His Own Words 2006 April 1, 2007 (http://www.howardgardner.com/docs)
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