1. The three great Greek classical philosophers are
Eurypides, Pericles, and Darius.
Diogenes, Euclid, and Ptolemy.
Achilles, Hippocrates, and Sappho.
Aeneid, Antigone, and Aristophanes.
Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle.
2. What can be considered the symbol of Athenian naval success? a.
The lateen sail
3.Sparta became a highly militarized society primarily because a.
they feared an uprising by the helots.
they sought to recreate the far-flung empire of the Assyrians. c.
repeated raids by Athens forced Spartans to adopt defensive measures. d.
significant mineral wealth, which allowed them to support a large army. e.
Spartan society was dominated by a class of academics devoted to studying and developing military strategy.
4. The Greek gods and goddesses were seen as
distant and removed from the affairs of humankind.
frightening and greedy for harsh sacrifices.
superhuman and immortal, but otherwise anthropomorphic.
role models of wisdom and morality.
purely fictitious, as the Greeks relied on natural philosophy.
5. What grew well in the dry environment of Greece? a.
Wheat, barley, and oats
Melons, figs, and dates
Barley, dates, and grapes
Grapes, dates, and jujubes
Olive trees, grape vines, and barley
Oligarchy is a society in which
all landowners participate politically.
all adult males are allowed to vote.
a hereditary elite controls the power.
a monarch has total control.
the wealthy members of society have political power.
11. Greek philosophers emphasized which perspective of viewing the world? a.
devotion to nature-based gods who were not anthropomorphic.
rejection of polytheism.
rational explanations for the world around them rather than reliance on the supernatural. d.
a skeptical view of science as the exclusive answers to all questions. e.
12. How does the Peloponnesian War reveal an inherent flaw in Greek society? a.
The hoplites were unreliable because of their exclusion from politics. b.
The independent poleis fostered rivalry and mistrust among neighbors. c.
The poor in Greece suffered more severe hardship than in other world societies. d.
The Greeks refused to abandon their policy of nonviolence.
The rivalry between helots and hoplites caused a breakdown of
Though Greece is described as "resource poor" in the chapter, it economically prospered a.
through a brisk trade in slaves.
because of successful manufacturing.
by using a large population as a large "service" sector.
through access to foreign resources, markets, and ideas.
by frequently raiding its neighbors.
One of the prime benefits of colonization around the Mediterranean for the Greeks was: a.
diversification of resources.
alleviation of surplus population.
establishing a Hellenic hegemony.
opportunities for increasing personal wealth.
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