multilingualism in nigeria

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NATIONAL OPEN UNIVERSITY OF NIGERIA

SCHOOL OF ARTS AND SOCIAL SCIENCES

COURSE CODE: ENG 454

COURSE TITLE: MULTI LINGUALISM

COURSE
GUIDE

ENG 454
MULTI LINGUALISM
Course Team

Dr. Taiwo Abioye (Course Developer/Writer) –
Covenant University
Prof. Kunle Adeniran (Course Editor) – University of Ibadan
Dr. I. Omolara Daniel (Programme Leader) –
NOUN
Mr. Theodore O. Iyere (Course Coordinator) –
NOUN

NATIONAL OPEN UNIVERSITY OF NIGERIA

ENG 454

National Open University of Nigeria
Headquarters
14/16 Ahmadu Bello Way
Victoria Island, Lagos
Abuja Office
5 Dar es Salaam Street
Off Aminu Kano Crescent
Wuse II, Abuja e-mail: centralinfo@nou.edu.ng
URL: www.nou.edu.ng

Published by
National Open University of Nigeria
Printed 2013
ISBN: 978-058-692-4
All Rights Reserved

ii

COURSE GUIDE

ENG 454

COURSE GUIDE

CONTENTS
Introduction…………………………………………………..
What you will Learn in this Course…………………….........
Course Aim…………………………………………………...
Course Objectives……………………………………………
Working through this Course………………………………...
Course Materials……………………………………………...
Study Units…………………………………………………...
Textbooks and References……………………………………
Assignment File………………………………………………
Presentation Schedule………………………………………..
Course Marking Scheme……………………………………..
Course overview……………………………………………...
How to get the most from this Course………………………..
Assessment Schedule…………………………………………
Tutor-Marked Assignment……………………………………
Final Examination and Grading……………………………...
Facilitation/Tutors and Tutorial……………………………...
Summary……………………………………………………..

PAGE iv iv v v vi vi vi vii ix ix x x xi xi xi xii xii xii

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ENG 454

COURSE GUIDE

INTRODUCTION
ENG 454: Multilingualism is a three-credit unit course. This course introduces key theoretical and practical issues in the study of multilingual societies and individuals, exploring these at the levels of the nation, the region, and the group. Multilingualism examines



References: Baldrige (1996) posits that “a national language is that which enjoys use throughout an entire nation in the political, social, and cultural realms Akindele and Adegbite (1999) define a national language as a language on which the government has conferred authority as the language of a Awonusi (1985: p.26) suggests the following reasons why a national language is needed: to foster unity in a nation; to enhance and promote language (Villacorta, 1991: p. 34). Fasold (1984:7) views national language as: (a) glorious past; fall under the second interpretation of “national” identified above (Fishman et al., 1968). Also, Fasold (1988b:185) cited in Adegbija (2004) describes the importance of national language as follows:

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