multilingualism in nigeria

Topics: Sociolinguistics, Language policy, Lingua franca Pages: 144 (39510 words) Published: October 19, 2014
NATIONAL OPEN UNIVERSITY OF NIGERIA

SCHOOL OF ARTS AND SOCIAL SCIENCES

COURSE CODE: ENG 454

COURSE TITLE: MULTI LINGUALISM

COURSE
GUIDE

ENG 454
MULTI LINGUALISM
Course Team

Dr. Taiwo Abioye (Course Developer/Writer) –
Covenant University
Prof. Kunle Adeniran (Course Editor) – University
of Ibadan
Dr. I. Omolara Daniel (Programme Leader) –
NOUN
Mr. Theodore O. Iyere (Course Coordinator) –
NOUN

NATIONAL OPEN UNIVERSITY OF NIGERIA

ENG 454

National Open University of Nigeria
Headquarters
14/16 Ahmadu Bello Way
Victoria Island, Lagos
Abuja Office
5 Dar es Salaam Street
Off Aminu Kano Crescent
Wuse II, Abuja
e-mail: centralinfo@nou.edu.ng
URL: www.nou.edu.ng

Published by
National Open University of Nigeria
Printed 2013
ISBN: 978-058-692-4
All Rights Reserved

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COURSE GUIDE

ENG 454

COURSE GUIDE

CONTENTS
Introduction………………………………………………….. What you will Learn in this Course……………………......... Course Aim…………………………………………………... Course Objectives…………………………………………… Working through this Course………………………………... Course Materials……………………………………………... Study Units…………………………………………………... Textbooks and References…………………………………… Assignment File……………………………………………… Presentation Schedule……………………………………….. Course Marking Scheme…………………………………….. Course overview……………………………………………... How to get the most from this Course……………………….. Assessment Schedule………………………………………… Tutor-Marked Assignment…………………………………… Final Examination and Grading……………………………... Facilitation/Tutors and Tutorial……………………………... Summary……………………………………………………..

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ENG 454

COURSE GUIDE

INTRODUCTION
ENG 454: Multilingualism is a three-credit unit course. This course introduces key theoretical and practical issues in the study of multilingual societies and individuals, exploring these at the levels of the nation, the region, and the group. Multilingualism examines topics like: languages and cultures; core concepts and core values; language attitudes; assimilation and pluralism; and issues surrounding minority languages. This course is designed to throw more light on the concept of multilingualism as an individual or social phenomenon, particularly in a society with a multiplicity of languages (such as Nigeria) at various stages of development. The ethnolinguistic and sociopolitical implications of multilingualism have been explained in both educational and societal settings. ENG 454 takes into consideration, the academic and professional needs of students of language, be it as language planners or as teachers and researchers implementing the national language planning policy.

The language situation in sub-Saharan Africa is generally characterised by a type of dense multilingual phenomenon composed of a variety of languages that include indigenous and exogenous languages. Thus, the historical and other antecedents of multilingualism are pointed as well as the different types and levels. This calls for systematic and deliberate efforts at collating these languages after several surveys, which will culminate in planning how to allocate functions to these languages. These efforts have to be documented and backed by government pronouncements or documents that have their bases in the nation’s ideologies. Such documents emanating from the results of these efforts are regarded as language policies.

Because language is the bedrock of any society, the importance of language is highlighted in this course, as well as the social, cultural, political and economic implications of multilingualism are discussed. Multilingual nations such as Nigeria, Morocco, Uganda, and others are examined for areas of commonality and differences.

COURSE AIMS
The overall aims of this course are to:




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introduce you to the fundamentals of multilingualism and its different perspectives in a society
explain the varieties of linguistic issues in multilingual...


References: Baldrige (1996) posits that “a national language is that which enjoys use
throughout an entire nation in the political, social, and cultural realms
Akindele and Adegbite (1999) define a national language as a language
on which the government has conferred authority as the language of a
Awonusi (1985: p.26) suggests the following reasons why a national
language is needed: to foster unity in a nation; to enhance and promote
language (Villacorta, 1991: p. 34).
Fasold (1984:7) views national language as:
(a)
glorious past; fall under the second interpretation of “national”
identified above (Fishman et al., 1968).
Also, Fasold (1988b:185) cited in Adegbija (2004) describes the
importance of national language as follows:
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