Level 2 Diploma in Health & Social Care
Unit 4222-205 Principles of Safeguarding and Protection
* Physical abuse - can include hitting, biting, slapping, force-feeding and pinching. Physical abuse is causing physical pain, injury or other physical suffering to a service user.
* Sexual abuse - forcing a service user to take part in any sexual activities, performing sexual acts and forcing that person to watch sexual acts against their will, may also include making sexual threats and comments
* Emotional/psychological abuse - subjecting the service user to bullying, verbal abuse, swearing and ridicule causing low self esteem.
* Financial abuse - unauthorised use of the service users property, money or other valuables.
* Institutional abuse - failure to provide basic care can occur in any care home, hospital or any in-patient setting.
* Self-neglect - is a behavioural condition in which an individual neglects to attend to their basic needs, such as personal hygiene, appropriate clothing, feeding, or tending to any medical conditions they have.
* Neglect by others - when a support worker/carer who is responsible for the care of a service user fails to provide basic care. This can also cover Institutional abuse and self neglect.
* Physical abuse - indicators can be multiple bruising, fractures, burns, signs of force feeding when the service user refuses to eat, depression and weight loss, becoming withdrawn or aggressive and assaulting others.
* Sexual abuse - torn, stained or bloodied underwear, soreness around the genital area. Sexually transmitted disease and pregnancy. Loss of sleep and unexplained changes in behaviour and signs of self harm.
* Emotional/psychological abuse - changes in behaviour, refusing to go to work or mix with friends or colleagues in activities.
*Financial abuse- Bank account withdrawals, loss of personal belongings, improper use of power of attorney, and missing financial records.